United Nations Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations

Comité spécial des opérations de maintien de la paix

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1965, by resolution 2006 (XIX) of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) of the United Nations (UN).


Review comprehensively issues relating to peacekeeping and report on findings to UN General Assembly.

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UN methods and machinery for preventing or controlling conflicts have taken many forms - peace-keeping forces, observer missions, fact-finding missions, supervision of plebiscites, missions of good offices, conciliation panels, mediators and special representatives. Current operations (16):

 • United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) (Sep 1991 - present);

 • United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (15 Sep 2014 - present);

 • United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) (Apr 2013 - present);

 • United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) (June 2004 - present);

 • United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUSCO) (Feb 2000 - present);

 • African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) (July 2007 - present);

 • United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) (June 1974 - present);

 • United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) (Mar 1964 - present);

 • United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) (June 2011 - present);

 • UN Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) (June 1999 - present);

 • United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) (Sep 2003 - present);

 • United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) (July 2011 - present);

 • United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) (Jan 1949 - present);

 • United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI) (Apr 2004 - present), replacing United Nations Mission in Côte d'Ivoire (MINUCI) (May 2003 - Apr 2004);

 • United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) (June 1948 - present).

Past peacekeeping operations:


 • United Nations Angola Verification Mission (UNAVEM) (UNAVEM I: Jan 1989 - May 1991, UNAVEM II: May 1991 - Feb 1995, UNAVEM III: Feb 1995 - June 1997);

 • United Nations Aouzou Strip Observer Group (UNASOG) (May 1994 - June 1994);

 • United Nations Assistance Mission for Rwanda (UNAMIR) (Oct 1993 - Mar 1996);

 • United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea (UNMEE) (June 2000 - July 2008);

 • United Nations Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL) (Oct 1999 - Dec 2005), replacing United Nations Mission of Observers in Sierra Leone (UNOMSIL) (July 1998 - Oct 1999);

 • United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic (MINURCA) (Apr 1998 - Feb 2000);

 • United Nations Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT) (Sep 2007 - Dec 2010);

 • United Nations Observer Mission in Angola (MONUA) (July 1997 - Feb 1999);

 • United Nations Observation Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL) (Sep 1993 - Sep 1997);

 • United Nations Observer Mission in Uganda-Rwanda (UNOMUR) (June 1993 - Sep 1994);

 • United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB) (May 2004 - Dec 2006) and succeeded by United Nations Integrated Office in Burundi (BINUB) (2006-2014);

 • United Nations Operation in Mozambique (UNOMOZ) (Dec 1992 - Dec 1994);

 • United Nations Operation in Somalia (UNOSOM) (UNOSOM I: Apr 1992 - Mar 1993, UNOSOM II: May 1993 - Mar 1995);

 • United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) (Mar 2005 to present);

 • United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC) (July 1960 - June 1964);

 • United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) (Apr 1989 - Mar 1990).


 • Mission of the Representative of the Secretary-General in the Dominican Republic (DOMREP) (May 1965 - Oct 1966);

 • United Nations Civilian Police Mission in Haiti (MIPONUH) (28 Nov 1997 - Mar 2000), replacing United Nations Transition Mission in Haiti (UNTMIH) (Aug 1997 - Nov 1997), which replaced United Nations Support Mission in Haiti (UNSMIH) (July 1996 - July 1997);

 • United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) (Sep 1993 - June 1996);

 • United Nations Observer Group in Central America (ONUCA) (Nov 1989 - Jan 1992);

 • United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador (ONUSAL) (July 1991 - Apr 1995);

 • United Nations Verification Mission in Guatemala (MINUGUA) (Jan 1997- May 1997).

'Asia and the Pacific':

 • United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) (Mar 1992 - Sep 1993), absorbing United Nations Advance Mission in Cambodia (UNAMIC) (Oct 1991 - Mar 1992);

 • United Nations Good Offices Mission in Afghanistan and Pakistan (UNGOMAP) (Apr 1988 - Mar 1990);

 • United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM) (Sep 1965 - Mar 1966);

 • United Nations Mission of Observers in Tajikistan (UNMOT) (Dec 1994 - May 2000);

 • United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT) (Aug 2006 to 31 Dec 2012), replacing United Nations Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET) (May 2002 - May 2005), which replaced United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) (Oct 1999 - May 2002) and United Nations Mission in East Timor (UNAMET) (June 1999 - Sep 1999);

 • United Nations Security Force in West New Guinea - West Irian (UNSF) (Oct 1962 - Apr 1963).


 • United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR) (Feb 1992 - Dec 1995), from 31 Mar 1995 including United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia (UNCRO) (Mar 1995 - Jan 1996) and United Nations Preventive Deployment Force for Macedonia (UNPREDEP) (Mar 1995 - Feb 1990); subsequently followed up by: United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) (Dec 1995 - Dec 2002); United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (UNTAES) (Jan 1996 - Jan 1998), Croatia - United Nations Civilian Police Support Group (UNPSG) (Jan 1998 - Oct 1998) and United Nations Mission of Observers in Prevlaka (UNMOP) (Jan 1996 - Dec 2002);

 • United Nations Observer Mission in Georgia (UNOMIG) (Aug 1993 - June 2009).

'Middle East':

 • United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF) (UNEF I: Nov 1956 - June 1967, UNEF II: Oct 1973 - July 1979);

 • United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG) (Aug 1988 - Feb 1991);

 • United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM) (Apr 1991 - Mar 2003);

 • United Nations Observation Group in Lebanon (UNOGIL) (June 1958 - Dec 1958);

 • United Nations Yemen Observation Mission (UNYOM) (July 1963 - Sep 1964);

 • United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria (UNSMIS) (Apr 2012 - Aug 2012).

Civilian component is jointly referred to as United Nations Police (UNPOL).

Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 inter-governmental organizations.
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Members in 155 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • International Relations
    • United Nations
    • Peacekeeping

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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