International Court of Justice (ICJ)

Cour internationale de Justice (CIJ)
Corte Internacional de Justicia (CIJ)
Internationaal Gerechtshof

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Established as the principal judicial organ of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN), superseding H-XH3108 - Permanent Court of International Justice, set up 13 Dec 1920. Operates under a Statute which is part of the UN Charter (Article 94-1); parties to the Statute include all members of the United Nations. Comes within the F-XF1000 - United Nations System, any of the other UN Main Organs (except Secretary-General) and all those Agencies being currently authorized to request opinions of the Court. Based at G-XG1004 - Peace Palace, The Hague (Netherlands).


Settle in accordance with international law the legal disputes submitted by states; give advisory opinions on legal questions referred by duly authorized international organs and agencies.


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Court consists of 15 judges elected by UN General Assembly and by UN Security Council, voting independently. Judges serve for a term of 9 years, one third being elected every 3 years, and may be re-elected. No two judges may be of the same nationality. A party to a case may nominate a judge 'ad hoc' if no member of the bench is of its nationality. Questions before the full Court are decided by a majority of the judges present, with 9 judges, plus any judges ad hoc, constituting a quorum. With a view to speedy dispatch of business, a chamber of 5 judges is formed annually and may, at the request of the parties, hear and determine cases by summary procedure. Also at the request of the parties, the Court may constitute an ad-hoc Chamber to deal with a particular case.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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