Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization

NAFO 1979 Dartmouth NS Canada C gy International Federations, IGOs

Northwest Pacific Region Environmental Cooperation Center

NPEC 1997 Toyama City Japan G

Norwegian Center for Holocaust and Minority Studies

Oslo Norway N

NSF International

1944 Ann Arbor MI USA G

Nuclear Energy Agency

NEA 1972 Boulogne-Billancourt France E g IGOs

Oak Foundation

1983 Geneva Switzerland G f Foundations

Oasis Global

1985 Hadlow UK G

Observatory on Tourism in the European Islands

OTIE 2007 Palermo Italy F

Ocean Arks International

OAI 1981 Falmouth MA USA G

Ocean Conservancy, Washington DC

1972 Washington DC USA G

Ocean Genome Legacy


Ocean Lifeline

OLL Brooklyn NY USA G

Ocean Mammal Institute

OMI 1994 Wyomissing PA USA G j Institutes

Ocean Recovery Alliance

ORA Central Hong Kong D

Ocean Sanctuary Alliance



1999 Washington DC USA G


1989 Wädenswil Switzerland G

Oceanic Preservation Society

OPS Greenbrae CA USA G


Naples Italy G

OIE - World Organisation for Animal Health

1924 Paris France B g IGOs

Oil Companies' European Association for Environment, Health and Safety in Refining and Distribution

CONCAWE 1963 Brussels Belgium D


1996 Port Harcourt Nigeria F

One Earth Future Foundation

OEF 2007 Broomfield CO USA G f Foundations

ONE OF US European Federation for Life and Human Dignity

ONE OF US 2014 Brussels Belgium D

OneWorld South Asia

OWSA 1999 Delhi India K Human Rights Organizations

Orangutan Foundation International

OFI 1986 Los Angeles CA USA F f Foundations

Organic Crop Improvement Association

OCIA 1984 Lincoln NE USA G

Organic Trade Association

OTA 1984 Washington DC USA F

Organisation de la ruralité et du milieu européen

ORME 1996 D

Organización Internacional de Universidades por el Desarrollo Sostenible y Medio Ambiente

OIUDSMA 1995 Granada Spain D

Organization Earth

2010 Athens Greece G

Organization for Human Brain Mapping

OHBM Minneapolis MN USA D

Organization for the Phyto-Taxonomic Investigation of the Mediterranean Area

OPTIMA 1974 Palermo Italy D v

OroVerde - Die Tropenwaldstiftung

OroVerde 1989 Bonn Germany G

OSPAR Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

OSPAR Commission 1998 London UK F g IGOs

Overbrook Foundation

1948 New York NY USA G f Foundations, Human Rights Organizations

Overseas Development Institute

ODI 1960 London UK G j Humanitarian Organizations, Institutes

Overseas Environment Cooperation Centre

OECC 1990 Tokyo Japan G y International Federations

Owen M Kupferschmid Holocaust and Human Rights Project

1985 Newton MA USA N Human Rights Organizations

Pachamama Alliance

San Francisco CA USA G

Pacific Agricultural and Forestry Policy Network


Pacific Association of Quantity Surveyors

PAQS Petaling Jaya Malaysia D

Pacific Basin Consortium for Environment and Health

PBC 1986 Honolulu HI USA F y International Federations

Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development

PaCE-SD 2001 Suva Fiji E

Pacific Development and Conservation Trust

PDCT 1989 Wellington New Zealand G

Pacific Environment

1987 San Francisco CA USA G

Pacific Indigenous Peoples' Environment Coalition


Pacific Institute

1987 Oakland CA USA G j Institutes

Pacific Rim Consortium in Energy, Combustion, and the Environment


Pacific Salmon Commission

PSC 1985 Vancouver BC Canada G gb Treaties, IGOs