Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Oasis Global

1985 Hadlow UK G

Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel

OSS 1992 Tunis Tunisia F gy

Observatorio Latinoamericano de Conflictos Ambientales, Chile

OLCA Santiago Santiago Metropolitan Chile G

Observatory on Tourism in the European Islands

OTIE 2007 Palermo PA Italy F

Ocean Arks International

OAI 1981 Falmouth MA USA G

Ocean Conservancy, Washington DC

1972 Washington DC USA G

Ocean Genome Legacy


Ocean Lifeline

OLL Brooklyn NY USA G

Ocean Mammal Institute

OMI 1994 Wyomissing PA USA G j

Ocean Recovery Alliance

ORA Central Central and Western Hong Kong D

Ocean Sanctuary Alliance


Ocean Unite

2015 G


1999 Washington DC USA G


1989 Wädenswil ZH Switzerland G

Oceanic Preservation Society

OPS Greenbrae CA USA G


Naples NA Italy G

Offshore Mechanical Handling Equipment Committee

OMHEC Stavanger Norway D

OIE - World Organisation for Animal Health

1924 B g

Oil Companies' European Association for Environment, Health and Safety in Refining and Distribution

CONCAWE 1963 Brussels Belgium D


1996 Port Harcourt Rivers Nigeria F

Ondernemers Zonder Grenzen

OZG Boechout Belgium G f

One Earth Future Foundation

OEF 2007 Broomfield CO USA G f

One of Us European Federation for Life and Human Dignity

One of Us 2014 Saint-Ghislain Belgium D

OneWorld South Asia

OWSA 1999 Delhi Delhi India K

Orangutan Foundation International

OFI 1986 Los Angeles CA USA F f

Organic Crop Improvement Association

OCIA 1984 Lincoln NE USA G

Organic Trade Association

OTA 1984 Washington DC USA F

Organisation de la ruralité et du milieu européen


Organisation internationale pour la protection des animaux

OIPA 1981 Milan MI Italy C

Organización Internacional de Universidades por el Desarrollo Sostenible y Medio Ambiente

OIUDSMA 1995 Granada Granada Spain D

Organization Earth

2010 Athens Greece G

Organization for Human Brain Mapping

OHBM Minneapolis MN USA D

Organization for the Phyto-Taxonomic Investigation of the Mediterranean Area

OPTIMA 1974 Palermo PA Italy D v

OroVerde - Die Tropenwaldstiftung

OroVerde 1989 Bonn Germany G

OSPAR Commission for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic

OSPAR Commission 1998 London UK F g

Overbrook Foundation

1948 New York NY USA G f

Overseas Development Institute

ODI 1960 London UK G j

Overseas Environment Cooperation Centre

OECC 1990 Tokyo Japan G y

Owen M Kupferschmid Holocaust and Human Rights Project

1985 Newton MA USA N

Pachamama Alliance

San Francisco CA USA G

Pacific Agricultural and Forestry Policy Network


Pacific Association of Quantity Surveyors

PAQS Petaling Jaya Selangor Malaysia D

Pacific Basin Consortium for Environment and Health

PBC 1986 Honolulu HI USA F y

Pacific Centre for Environment and Sustainable Development

PaCE-SD 2001 Suva Fiji E

Pacific Development and Conservation Trust

PDCT 1989 Wellington New Zealand G

Pacific Environment

1987 San Francisco CA USA G

Pacific Indigenous Peoples' Environment Coalition


Pacific Institute

1987 Oakland CA USA G j

Pacific Island Farmers Organisation Network

PIFON 2009 Nadi Fiji F

Pacific Rim Consortium in Energy, Combustion, and the Environment