Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Planta Europa

Uppsala Sweden F y

PMU Interlife

1965 Stockholm Sweden G

Polis - International Network in Environmental Education

INEE 1994 Ermoúpolis Greece F

Political Ecology Network

POLLEN 2015 Frederiksberg Denmark F

Pontifical Academy for Life

1994 Rome RM Italy E v

Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archeology

1852 Vatican City Vatican E v

Population and Community Development Association

PDA 1974 Bangkok Bangkok Thailand G

Population Environment Research Network

PERN 2001 Palisades NY USA E

Ports Environmental Network-Africa

PENAf Rotterdam Netherlands J

PREPARE Network

1989 Timisoara Romania F

Primate's World Relief and Development Fund

PWRDF 1959 Toronto ON Canada G f

Prince Bernhard Centre for International Nature Conservation

Utrecht Netherlands G

Principles Governing the Use by States of Artificial Earth Satellites for International Direct Television Broadcasting

1982 T g

Principles Relating to Remote Sensing of the Earth from Outer Space

1986 T g

Prison Fellowship International

PFI 1979 Washington DC USA F

Pro Patrimonio

National Trust of Romania 2000 London UK F

Pro Regenwald

1988 Munich Germany G

PRO SILVA

1989 Aberystwyth UK D

Pro-Natura International

1986 Paris France F

Proact International

Usti nad Labem Czech Rep N

Probe International

Toronto ON Canada G

Program on Forests

PROFOR 1997 Washington DC USA F

Programme for the Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna

CAFF 1991 Akureyri Iceland E gy

Programme on Man and the Biosphere

MAB 1971 F g

Programme régional de Conservation de la zone Côtière et Marine en Afrique de l'Ouest

PRCM Nouakchott Mauritania E

Project AWARE Foundation

1992 Rancho Santa Margarita CA USA G f

Project Survival Pacific

PSP Carlton VIC Australia G

PROLINNOVA

1999 Amsterdam Netherlands E

Protection mondiale des animaux de ferme

PMAF 1994 Metz France G

Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment

PAME 1993 Akureyri Iceland E g

ProTerra Foundation

2012 Bilthoven Netherlands F f

Protocol Agreement on the Conservation of Common Natural Resources

1982 T g

Protocol Amending the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources, Kuwait

1990 Safat Kuwait T g

Protocol Amending the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources, Paris

1986 T g

Protocol Amending the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, 1984

1984 Rome RM Italy T g

Protocol Amending the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas, 1992

1992 Rome RM Italy T g

Protocol Concerning Mediterranean Specially Protected Areas

1982 T g

Protocol Concerning Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities

1999 Kingston Jamaica T g

Protocol Concerning Protected Areas and Wild Fauna and Flora in the Eastern African Region

1985 Victoria Mahe Seychelles T g

Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean

Barcelona protocol 1995 Athens Greece T g

Protocol Concerning Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife to the Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region

1990 Kingston Jamaica T g

Protocol for the Conservation and Management of Protected Marine and Coastal Areas of the Southeast Pacific

1989 Quito Ecuador T g

Protocol for the Implementation of the Alpine Convention in the Field of Mountain Forests

1996 T g

Protocol for the Implementation of the Alpine Convention in the Field of Nature Protection and Landscape Conservation

1994 T g

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-based Sources

LBS protocol 1980 T g

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities

1996 T g

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Subsoil

1994 Athens Greece T g

Protocol for the Protection of the Southeast Pacific Against Pollution from Land-based Sources

1983 Quito Ecuador T g

Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974

1978 London UK T g

Protocol of 1988 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea

SOLAS PROT 1988 1988 London UK T g

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