Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Nordic Council for Animal Welfare

1962 Stockholm Sweden D Human Rights Organizations

Nordic Environment Finance Corporation

NEFCO 1990 Helsinki Finland F ge Corporations, Companies, IGOs

Nordic Environmental NUcleotide Network


Nordic Environmental Protection Convention

1974 T g Treaties, IGOs

Nordic Forest Research Cooperation Committee

1972 Alnarp Sweden E g IGOs

Nordic Forestry Congress

Copenhagen Denmark S c Conference Series

Nordic Forestry, Veterinary and Agricultural University Network

NOVA University Network 1995 Ås Norway F

Nordic Life Cycle Association

NorLCA 2004 Kongens Lyngby Denmark D

Nordic Network for Communicating Animal Welfare

NordCAW Uppsala Sweden F

Nordic Safe Cities

2016 Copenhagen Denmark F

Nordic Society Oikos

NSO Lund Sweden D

Nordic Swan Ecolabel

1989 D

Nordic Wood Preservation Council

NWPC 1969 Stockholm Sweden D



Nordregio - an international research centre for regional development and planning

Nordregio 1997 Stockholm Sweden E g IGOs

North American Agreement for Environmental Cooperation

NAAEC 1993 T g Treaties, IGOs

North American Association for Environmental Education

NAAEE 1971 Washington DC USA N

North American Benthological Society

NABS 1953 Lawrence KS USA N

North American Center for Environmental Information and Communication

Mexico City Mexico G

North American Forestry Commission

NAFC 1959 Zapopan Mexico E g FAO Bodies, IGOs

North Atlantic Salmon Conservation Organization

NASCO 1984 Edinburgh UK D g IGOs

North East Asian Centre for Environmental Data and Training

NEACEDT 1996 Incheon Korea Rep E g IGOs

North East Asian Crane Site Network

NEACSN 1997 Tokyo Japan F

North Sea Conference

Stockholm Sweden S gc Conference Series, IGOs

Northeast Asian Forest Forum

NEAFF 1998 Seoul Korea Rep J

Northern Dimension Environmental Partnership

NDEP 2002 London UK F g IGOs

Northwest Atlantic Fisheries Organization

NAFO 1979 Dartmouth NS Canada C gy International Federations, IGOs

Northwest Pacific Region Environmental Cooperation Center

NPEC 1997 Toyama City Japan G

Norwegian Center for Holocaust and Minority Studies

Oslo Norway N

NSF International

1944 Ann Arbor MI USA G

Nuclear Energy Agency

NEA 1972 Boulogne-Billancourt France E g IGOs

Oak Foundation

1983 Geneva Switzerland G f Foundations

Oasis Global

1985 Hadlow UK G

Observatory on Tourism in the European Islands

OTIE 2007 Palermo Italy F

Ocean Arks International

OAI 1981 Falmouth MA USA G

Ocean Conservancy, Washington DC

1972 Washington DC USA G

Ocean Genome Legacy


Ocean Lifeline

OLL Brooklyn NY USA G

Ocean Mammal Institute

OMI 1994 Wyomissing PA USA G j Institutes

Ocean Recovery Alliance

ORA Central Hong Kong D

Ocean Sanctuary Alliance



1999 Washington DC USA G


1989 Wädenswil Switzerland G

Oceanic Preservation Society

OPS Greenbrae CA USA G


Naples Italy G

OIE - World Organisation for Animal Health

1924 Paris France B g IGOs

Oil Companies' European Association for Environment, Health and Safety in Refining and Distribution

CONCAWE 1963 Brussels Belgium D


1996 Port Harcourt Nigeria F

One Earth Future Foundation

OEF 2007 Broomfield CO USA G f Foundations

ONE OF US European Federation for Life and Human Dignity

ONE OF US 2014 Brussels Belgium D