Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Siberian Crane, 1998

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Slender-billed Curlew

1994 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the West African Populations of the African Elephant - Loxodonta Africana

2005 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation, Restoration and Sustainable Use of the Saiga Antelope - Saiga Tatarica Tatarica

2005 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

2008 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia

2008 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding for the Conservation of Cetaceans and Their Habitats in the Pacific Islands Region

2006 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control in the Asia-Pacific Region

Tokyo MOU 1993 Tokyo Japan F g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Dugongs - Dugong Dugon - and Their Habitats Throughout Their Range

UNEP/CMS Dugong MoU 2007 T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and Their Habitats of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asia

2001 Bangkok Thailand T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of the Middle-European Population of the Great Bustard - Otis Tarda

2000 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of High Andean Flamingos and Their Habitats

2008 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and Their Habitats

2007 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memory of the World Programme

Memoria Mundi 1993 Paris France K g UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Mercy Ships

1978 Stevenage UK F Humanitarian Organizations

Mesoamerican Ecotourism Alliance

MEA Boulder CO USA D

Mesoamerican Society for Biology and Conservation

MSBC 1996 D

Michael Succow Foundation for the Protection of Nature

Succow Foundation 1999 Greifswald Germany G f Foundations

Middle-East Nature Conservation Promotion Association

G

Mighty Earth

Washington DC USA G

Milieukontakt International

1987 Amsterdam Netherlands G

Mind and Life Europe

MLE 2008 Winterthur Switzerland F

Ministerial Conference on the Protection of Forests in Europe

FOREST EUROPE 1990 Zvolen Slovakia F gc Conference Series, IGOs

Mission d'aide au développement des économies rurales afghanes

MADERA 1988 Paris France E Humanitarian Organizations

More and Better

Rome Italy F y Humanitarian Organizations, International Federations

Mountain Forum

MF 1995 Lima Peru F International Federations

Mountain Gorilla and Rainforest Direct Aid

1981 Mülheim Germany G

Mountain Research Initiative

MRI 2001 Bern Switzerland F

Mountbatten Centre for International Studies

MCIS 1990 Southampton UK G Institutes

Mundo Maya Organization

1992 Tegucigalpa Honduras G

MusaNet

Montpellier France F

Museums Association of the Caribbean

MAC 1989 D

Muslim Aid

1985 London UK G Humanitarian Organizations

Mutual Aid and Fraternity

1961 Brussels Belgium G Humanitarian Organizations

Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity

Nagoya Protocol 2010 T g Treaties, IGOs

NAID-Australasia

Yatala Australia G

NAID-Europe

Phoenix AZ USA E

Namati

2011 Washington DC USA F

Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center

NERSC 1986 Bergen Norway G

Nansen International Environmental and Remote Sensing Centre

NIERSC 1992 St Petersburg Russia E

National Council for Eurasian and East European Research

1978 Seattle WA USA G Institutes

Natura 2000 Network

1992 Brussels Belgium K g European Union Bodies, IGOs

Natural Capital Coalition

NCC 2012 London UK C y International Federations

Natural Resources Institute

NRI London UK G j Institutes

Naturefriends International

1895 Vienna Austria D

NatureNet Europe

2004 Tilburg Netherlands F

NatureServe

1994 Arlington VA USA G

Natuur and Milieu

Utrecht Netherlands G

Near East Forestry Commission

NEFC 1953 Cairo Egypt E g FAO Bodies, IGOs

Netherlands Land Academy

LANDac 2010 Utrecht Netherlands G

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