Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

marinecultures.org

Zurich Switzerland G

MAVA Foundation

1994 Gland Switzerland G f Foundations

Mayors for Peace

1982 Hiroshima Japan F Human Rights Organizations

MEDAIR

1988 Ecublens Switzerland G Humanitarian Organizations

MEDCITIES Network

1991 Barcelona Spain F

Media Island International

MII 1991 Olympia WA USA N

Mediterranean Action Plan

MAP 1975 Athens Greece F g IGOs

Mediterranean and Black Seas Hydrographic Commission

MBSHC 1978 Monaco Monaco K g IGOs

Mediterranean Centre for Environmental Studies Foundation

1991 Valencia Spain N f Foundations

Mediterranean Coastal Foundation

MEDCOAST Mugla Turkey F yf International Federations, Foundations

Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable Development

MCSD 1996 Athens Greece E gy International Federations, IGOs

Mediterranean Environment and Development Observatory

MEDO 1993 Valbonne France G

Mediterranean Experts on Climate and Environmental Change

MedECC 2015 Marseille France F v

Mediterranean Forest Communicators Network

J

Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development

MIO-ECSDE 1990 Athens Greece F y International Federations

Mediterranean Institute of marine and terrestrial Biodiversity and Ecology

2012 Aix-en-Provence France G Institutes

Mediterranean Model Forest Network

MMFN 2008 Soria Spain E

Mediterranean Phytopathological Union

MPU 1962 Florence Italy F

Mediterranean Scientific Association of Environmental Protection

MESAEP 1979 Munich Germany G

Mediterranean Union of Surveyors

2010 Rabat Morocco D

MegaFlorestais

2005 Washington DC USA F g IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding between the Republic of Kenya and the United Republic of Tanzania and the Republic of Uganda for Cooperation on Environment Management

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation and Restoration of the Bukhara Deer

2002 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for Marine Turtles of the Atlantic Coast of Africa

1999 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Aquatic Warbler

2003 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Eastern Atlantic Populations of the Mediterranean Monk Seal - Monachus Monachus

2007 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Ruddy-headed Goose - Chloephaga Rubidiceps

2006 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Siberian Crane, 1993

1993 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Siberian Crane, 1998

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Slender-billed Curlew

1994 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the West African Populations of the African Elephant - Loxodonta Africana

2005 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation, Restoration and Sustainable Use of the Saiga Antelope - Saiga Tatarica Tatarica

2005 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Conservation of Migratory Birds of Prey in Africa and Eurasia

2008 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning the Conservation of the Manatee and Small Cetaceans of Western Africa and Macaronesia

2008 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding for the Conservation of Cetaceans and Their Habitats in the Pacific Islands Region

2006 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on Port State Control in the Asia-Pacific Region

Tokyo MOU 1993 Tokyo Japan F g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Dugongs - Dugong Dugon - and Their Habitats Throughout Their Range

UNEP/CMS Dugong MoU 2007 T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of Marine Turtles and Their Habitats of the Indian Ocean and South-East Asia

2001 Bangkok Thailand T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation and Management of the Middle-European Population of the Great Bustard - Otis Tarda

2000 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of High Andean Flamingos and Their Habitats

2008 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding on the Conservation of Southern South American Migratory Grassland Bird Species and Their Habitats

2007 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memory of the World Programme

Memoria Mundi 1993 Paris France K g UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Mercy Ships

1978 Stevenage UK F Humanitarian Organizations

Mesoamerican Ecotourism Alliance

MEA Boulder CO USA D

Mesoamerican Society for Biology and Conservation

MSBC 1996 D

Michael Succow Foundation for the Protection of Nature

Succow Foundation 1999 Greifswald Germany G f Foundations

Middle-East Nature Conservation Promotion Association

G

Mighty Earth

Washington DC USA G

Milieukontakt International

1987 Amsterdam Netherlands G

Mind and Life Europe

MLE 2008 Winterthur Switzerland F

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