Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Liquid Gas Europe

1968 Brussels Belgium D

Livestock Emergency Guidelines and Standards

LEGS 2009 Great Holland UK F

Livestock Environmental Assessment and Performance Partnership

LEAP 2010 Rome Italy E y International Federations

Living Earth Foundation

1987 London UK G f Foundations

Local Authorities International Environmental Organization

1990 Lerwick UK D

Local Futures

1975 Totnes UK D

Lutheran World Relief

LWR 1945 Baltimore MD USA G Humanitarian Organizations

Macquarie University Centre for International and Environmental Law

MU-CIEL Sydney Australia G

Mad'in Europe

2013 Brussels Belgium J

Madagascar Fauna and Flora Group

MFG 1987 Naples FL USA F

Major Groups Partnership on Forests

MGPoF Ottawa ON Canada F

Man-Environment Research Association

MERA 1982 Osaka Japan G

Manfred-Hermsen-Stiftung for Nature Conservation and Environmental Protection

2001 Bremen Germany N f Foundations

Mangroves for the Future

MFF 2006 Bangkok Thailand E y International Federations

Manomet Center for Conservation Sciences

1969 Manomet MA USA N

Many Strong Voices

MSV London UK E


1997 Little Missenden UK G

MAREVIVO Associazione Ambientalista

Rome Italy G

Marine Connection

1997 Cawdor UK G

Marine Conservation Institute

1996 Seattle WA USA G j Institutes

Marine Conservation Society

MCS 1977 Ross-on-Wye UK G

Marine Environmental Research Institute

MERI 1990 Blue Hill ME USA N j Institutes

Zurich Switzerland G

MAVA Foundation

1994 Gland Switzerland G f Foundations

Mayors for Peace

1982 Hiroshima Japan F Human Rights Organizations


1988 Ecublens Switzerland G Humanitarian Organizations


1991 Barcelona Spain F

Media Island International

MII 1991 Olympia WA USA N

Mediterranean Action Plan

MAP 1975 Athens Greece F g IGOs

Mediterranean and Black Seas Hydrographic Commission

MBSHC 1978 Monaco Monaco K g IGOs

Mediterranean Centre for Environmental Studies Foundation

1991 Valencia Spain N f Foundations

Mediterranean Coastal Foundation

MEDCOAST Mugla Turkey F yf International Federations, Foundations

Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable Development

MCSD 1996 Athens Greece E gy International Federations, IGOs

Mediterranean Environment and Development Observatory

MEDO 1993 Valbonne France G

Mediterranean Experts on Climate and Environmental Change

MedECC 2015 Marseille France F v

Mediterranean Forest Communicators Network


Mediterranean Information Office for Environment, Culture and Sustainable Development

MIO-ECSDE 1990 Athens Greece F y International Federations

Mediterranean Institute of marine and terrestrial Biodiversity and Ecology

2012 Aix-en-Provence France G Institutes

Mediterranean Model Forest Network

MMFN 2008 Soria Spain E

Mediterranean Phytopathological Union

MPU 1962 Florence Italy F

Mediterranean Scientific Association of Environmental Protection

MESAEP 1979 Munich Germany G

Mediterranean Union of Surveyors

2010 Rabat Morocco D


2005 Washington DC USA F g IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding between the Republic of Kenya and the United Republic of Tanzania and the Republic of Uganda for Cooperation on Environment Management

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation and Restoration of the Bukhara Deer

2002 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for Marine Turtles of the Atlantic Coast of Africa

1999 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Aquatic Warbler

2003 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Eastern Atlantic Populations of the Mediterranean Monk Seal - Monachus Monachus

2007 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Ruddy-headed Goose - Chloephaga Rubidiceps

2006 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Memorandum of Understanding Concerning Conservation Measures for the Siberian Crane, 1993

1993 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs