Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Protocol of 2010 to Amend the International Convention of Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea

HNS PROT 2010 2010 London UK T g

Protocol of Amendment to the European Convention for the Protection of Animals Kept for Farming Purposes

1992 Strasbourg France T g

Protocol of Amendment to the European Convention for the Protection of Vertebrate Animals Used for Experimental and other Scientific Purposes

1998 Strasbourg France T g

Protocol on Civil Liability and Compensation for Damage Caused by the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents on Transboundary Waters

2003 T g

Protocol on Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Black Sea Marine Environment by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Emergency Situations

1992 Istanbul Istanbul Turkey T g

Protocol on Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution from Land-based Sources

1992 Istanbul Istanbul Turkey T g

Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment

SEA 2003 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Protocol on the Prevention, Reduction and Control of Land-based Sources and Activities

1999 T g

Protocol on the Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution by Dumping

1992 Istanbul Istanbul Turkey T g

Protocol on Wildlife Conservation and Law Enforcement

1999 T g

Protocol Relating to the Karagatch Territory and the Islands of Imbros and Tenedos

1923 T g

Protocol to Abate Acidification, Eutrophication and Ground-level Ozone

1999 T g

Protocol to Amend the Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface

1978 Montréal QC Canada T g

Protocol to Amend the Convention on Wetlands of International Importance Especially as Waterfowl Habitat

1982 Paris France T g

Protocol to Amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1984

1984 London UK T g

Protocol to Amend the Vienna Convention on Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage

1997 T g

Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environmental Protection

1991 T g

Protocol to the Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

1982 T g

Protocol to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1976

1976 London UK T g

Protocol to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1992

1992 London UK T g

Protocole de L'application de la Convention Alpine de 1991 dans le Domaine de la Protection des Sols

1998 T g

Provisional Agreement Respecting the Whangpoo Conservancy

1912 T g

Pueblito Canada

1975 Toronto ON Canada G

Pure Earth

1999 New York NY USA G j

Purple Martin Conservation Association

1986 Erie PA USA N

Quaker Earthcare Witness

QEW 1987 Albany CA USA G

Radiant Earth Foundation

Washington DC USA G f

Rainforest Action Network

RAN 1985 San Francisco CA USA F

Rainforest Alliance

1987 New York NY USA G

Rainforest Concern

1993 Bath UK G

Rainforest Foundation International

RFI 1989 London UK F f

Rainforest Foundation UK

RFUK London UK G f

Rainforest Foundation US

Brooklyn NY USA G f

Rainforest Fund

RFUND 1989 New York NY USA G f

Rainforest Information Centre

RIC Nimbin NSW Australia G

Rainforest Project Foundation

TRP 1993 Amsterdam Netherlands G f

Rainforest Trust

1988 Warrenton VA USA G

Rare

1973 Arlington VA USA G

Raymond Lemaire International Centre for the Conservation of Historic Towns and Buildings

RLICC 1976 Leuven Belgium G

RECOFTC - The Center for People and Forests

RECOFTC 1987 Bangkok Bangkok Thailand E

Red de Bolsas Agropecuarias de las Américas

INTERBOLSAS 2001 Coronado San José Costa Rica K

Red de Bosques Andinos

2011 Quito Ecuador F y

Red de Fondos Ambientales de Latinoamérica y el Caribe

RedLAC 1999 Panama Panama Panama F y

Red de Instituciones Vinculadas a la Capacitación en Economia y Politicas Agricolas en América Latina y el Caribe

REDCAPA 1993 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brazil F

Red del Atlantico Este de Reservas de Biósfera

REDBIOS 1999 Paris France F g

Red Iberoamericana de Bosques Modelo

RIABM 2002 Turrialba Cartago Turrialba Costa Rica E

Red Iberoamericana de Ciclo de Vida

E

Red Iberoamericana de Comités MAB y Reservas de la Biósfera

IberoMAB 1993 Paris France F

Red Internacional de Escritores por la Tierra

TIER 2005 Tarragona Tarragona Spain E v

Red Latinoamericana de Lombricultura

J

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