Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production


Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

World Federation of Overseas Korean Traders Associations

World OKTA 1981 Goyang Gyeonggi Korea Rep D

World Federation of the Sporting Goods Industry

WFSGI 1978 Itingen BE Switzerland C

World Federation of United Nations Associations

WFUNA 1946 New York NY USA E

World Fish Migration Foundation

Groningen Netherlands G f

World Forum for Alternatives

WFA 1997 Dakar Senegal F y

World Franchise Council

WFC 1994 Giza Giza Egypt F

World Health Organization

WHO 1946 Geneva GE Switzerland B g

World Healthcare Forum Foundation

2012 The Hague Netherlands J f

World Heritage Centre

WHC 1972 Paris France E g

World Heritage Committee

1976 Paris France E g

World Human Accountability Organization

WHAO 2016 New York NY USA G

World Industry Network

WIN 2003 Amsterdam Netherlands E

World Institute of Science

WIS 1991 Villeneuve-l'Archevêque France F j

World Interdisciplinary Network for Institutional Research

WINIR 2013 Exeter UK F

World Iodine Association

WIA Ternat Belgium D y

World Land Trust

WLT 1989 Halesworth UK G

World Master Chefs Society

1947 Grays UK D

World Naked Bike Ride

WNBR N

World Natural Health Organization

WNHO 1983 Burlington WA USA G

World Organization of Dredging Associations

WODA 1967 Delft Netherlands E y

World Organization of the Scout Movement

WOSM 1907 Kuala Lumpur Kuala Lumpur Malaysia B

World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies

WOCAT 1992 Bern BE Switzerland K

World Paint and Coatings Industry Association

WPCIA 1976 J

World PCO Alliance

Tokyo Japan D

World Pheasant Association

WPA 1975 Hexham UK E v

World Plastics Council

WPC 2014 Washington DC USA C y

World Resources Forum Association

WRFA 2012 St Gallen SG Switzerland E y

World Reuse, Repair and Recycling Association

WR3A 2004 Middlebury VT USA N

World Savings Banks Institute

WSBI 1994 Brussels Belgium F jy

World Seabird Union

WSU 2010 Clemson SC USA C y

World Society for Mushroom Biology and Mushroom Products

WSMBMP 1994 Shanghai Shanghai China C v

World Steel Association

worldsteel 1967 Brussels Belgium C

World Sturgeon Conservation Society

WSCS 2003 Neu Wulmstorf Germany D

World Taxpayers Associations

WTA 1988 London UK B

World Tort Law Society

WTLS 2012 Vienna Austria C

World Trade Point Federation

WTPF 2000 D

World Union of Small and Medium Enterprises

WUSME 2010 San Marino San Marino C

World Union of Wholesale Markets

WUWM 1958 The Hague Netherlands E

World Waterpark Association

WWA 1980 Overland Park KS USA G

World Wide Fund for Nature

WWF 1961 Gland VD Switzerland F f

World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls

WWGBP 1970 E

World Youth Service and Enterprise

WYSE 1988 London UK G

Worldwide Airline Customer Relations Association

WACRA 1969 Vallejo CA USA D

Worldwide Coal Combustion Products Network

WWCCPN 1998 Aurora CO USA G

Worldwide Nitrocellulose Producers Association

WONIPA Zurich ZH Switzerland G

Worldwide Quality EXpress System /Network/

WQXS Network 1995 Brussels Belgium F

Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production

WRAP 2000 Arlington VA USA G

Worldwide Vending Association

WVA 2006 Brussels Belgium C

XBRL Europe

Brussels Belgium E y

XBRL International

1998 Clark NJ USA F

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