Encyclopedia of World Problems - Archived Information

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Sustainable Development Issues: Clustered by Principal Subject (Population)

Derived from international declarations:

Agenda 21 (1992), Brundtland Report and various NGO and government declarations (see checklist).

Columns coded in relation to Figure 1. In 6 parts:
[P=Population | W=Well-being | L=Learning | T=Trade | E=Environment (below)| R=Regulation ]

The purpose of this coding was to explore configuration of the implicit strategic dilemmas as a global structure (see commentary) and presented as Figures 3a and 3b. In 1999, further experiments, using virtual reality, are underway to configure such issues in three dimensions. The coding procedure is described elsewhere.

  P W L T E R   Issue name Document
1 P             POPULATION/SECURITY:  
      E R   Demographic dynamics and sustainability A21/5 
        Excessive population levels and growth  BR 
        Relate demographic and environmental trends  A21/5 
    Assess implications of current population growth  A21/5 
        Incorporate demographic features into policy and plans  A21/5 
        Raise awareness of demography to sustainable development  A212/5 
        Ageing of world population   
        Promote human resources development  A21/5 
        Disasters / accidents  BR 
    Natural/Asteroids  Doc20 
    Man-made / Accidents  Doc39 
    Unsustainable military expenditure  BR 
        Competitive arms race/Arms culture  BR 
        Arms trade   
        Proliferation of nuclear weapons  BR 
        Socio-political instability/Insecurity  Doc27 
  R   Aggression/Conflict  Doc31 
    War (civil, regional)  BR 
    War (nuclear, biochemical)  BR 
    Individual violence (assault, torture)  Doc34 
    Environmental insecurity  BR 
        Migration to cities / Urban drift  BR 
        Small island [developing] countries  Doc18 
        Nuclear accident  Doc27 
        Environmental refugees  BR 
        Rural depopulation  Doc27 
        Land tenure systems / property rights  A21/14 
        Imbalance of power  Doc32 
        Dominance/Hegemony  Doc12 
        Global governance versus self determination  Doc15 
        Territorial/Boundary/Status disputes  Doc27 
        Foreign intervention   
        Forced resettlement   
        Forced assimilation   
        Social inequality/injustice  Doc15 
        UNDP Human Freedom Index  Doc27 
        Abuse of power  Doc34 
        Economic  Doc15 
        Inequitable land distribution / land reform  Doc2 
        North/south economic divide  Doc15 
        Economic vulnerability of underdeveloped world  Doc16 
        Repression  Doc26 
        Political  Doc 15 
        Ethnic/Racial  Doc34 
        Cultural/Religious/Ideological  Doc15 
        Nationalism / sovereign rights  Doc18 
        Racism  Doc 15 
        Discrimination against minorities  Doc2 
        Vulnerable groups/social systems  BR 
        Indigenous people  A21/26 
        Nomads  BR 
        Recognition of special environmental relationship  A21/26 
        Protection of traditional rights / compensation  BR 
        Dispute resolution  A21/26 
        Subsistence farmers  BR 
        Marginalised peoples  Doc15 
    Women's role  BR 
        Strengthen role in sustainable/equitable development  A21/24 
        Participation of women / universal suffrage  BR 
        Multiple roles (producer, mother, culture, community...)  Doc34 
    Domestic and resource managers (fuel wood, food etc.)  Doc2 
        Misunderstanding of women's needs  BR 
      Equity of employment / wages  Doc2 
        Access to credit and housing rights  Doc26 
        Traditional biases against girls and women  Doc27 
        Women-managed reproductive health care  BR 
        Availability of sex education/contraception/abortion  Doc4 
        Planning family size  BR 
P     Youth and children's role  A21/25 
        Support active involvement in sustainable development  A21/25 
        Protection of the environment / promotion equitable society  A21/25 
        Introduction of new values  Doc2 
        Volunteerism  Doc2 
        Cross-cultural internships/exchange  Doc2 
        Networking and environmental education programmes  Doc2 
        Student/school activities  Doc2 
        Combat drug trafficking and abuse  Doc34 
        Youth coalitions / Use of voting power  Doc2 
        Advisors/advisory councils to governments  Doc13 
        Unconstrained political ideologies / unrepresentative government  Doc1 
        Socialism / Communism  Doc1 
        Capitalism  Doc11 
        [Neo-]Colonialism / Imperialism  Doc13 
        Militarism / Fascism  Doc31 
        Inadequate public participation/involvement  BR 
        Empowering communities  BR 
        Apathy / Lack of political will / Scepticism  Doc2 
        Lack of vision / Lack of awareness  Doc15