Encyclopedia of World Problems - Archived Information

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Figure 4: Significance of 3-letter codes

(in Figure 3a and 3b)

Based on combinations of functions presented in Figure 1. Wordings are indicative only. See also Figure 2. For each 3-letter code in the table below, the first line indicates a functional ("constructive") approach second line indicates a dysfunctional ("destructive") approach. See also use in triangular areas of icosidodecahedral representation in Figure 3A and 3B.

LER Application of knowledge to redesign the environment (eg draining swamps, clearing forests, introduction of species) Application of knowledge to reconstitute devastated ecosystems
. Irresponsible intervention in ecosystems (eg elimination of wetlands) Ineffectual application of knowledge to remedy negative environmental conditions
LTE Application of learning to productive exploitation of the environment ("green revolution") / Biotechnology management Science for sustainable development
. Environmentally irresponsible research / Irresponsible biotechnology / Unconstrained advocacy of agro-chemicals  Ineffectual use of learning to ensure environmentally sound development
LTR Application of knowledge/know-how according to production/commercial priorities (arms production) Appropriate research for economic development / Research into non-exploitative patterns of production
. Misapplication of knowledge (weapons research) Ineffectual/Unproductive application of knowledge for development
PER Fulfilment of reproductive needs / Unconstrained population dynamics  Population control / Family planning-
. -Excessive population levels (for the environment) / Unwanted children Eugenics / In-breeding / Ageing population / Unbalanced sex ratio
PLE Traditional (spiritual) bond with the environment Environmental awareness
. Taboo / Superstition Environmental fascism
PLR Maintenance of traditional patterns of authority (or cultural values) / Imposition of particular ideology Human rights / "Affirmative action"
. Social rigidity / Discrimination against minorities /Repression / Socially inappropriate conceptual inadequacies ?
PLT Restrictive proprietary trade (seed varieties) / Arms trade  Development of culturally sensitive products / Exchange of cultural artefacts
. Dependence on high yield crops Culturally insensitive development
PTE Economic exploitation of environmental endowments  Husbandry / Stewardship of available resources
. Military-Industrial complex / Cash crops Community collapse / Economic decay
PTR Capital investment ideology for economic gain (eg capitalism) Economic development programmes / Aid for development / Aid "with human rights strings"
. Exploitative political/economic ideologies (eg colonialism, fascism) Ineffectual remedial ideologies (eg socialism, communism)
PWE Environmentally-dependent indigenous communities / Nomadic lifestyles Creation of ecological settlements (cities/villages) and lifestyles
. Unsustainable land/water use / Refugees / Homelessness / Migration / Squatters Socially unattractive/alienating ecological settlements/lifestyles
PWL Belongingness / Roots Charitable action
. Ethnic disintegration / Cultural invasion Indifference to condition/suffering of others
PWR Protection of the population / Security / Defence Peace-keeping operations / Empowering communities
. Socio-political insecurity / Disempowerment Miscarriage of justice / Police brutality 
PWT Productive employment / Livelihood security Development of alternative employment opportunities
. Unemployment / Food shortages ?
TER Exploitation of resources for economic development (survival) Sustainable use of resources / Restraint on exploitative economic growth
. Wasting non-renewable resources / Laying waste / Wastes Ineffectual/Unproductive use of resources (for survival)
WER Exploitation of environment to enhance quality of life (eg safaris, all terrain vehicles, exotic plants / pets /cosmetics / foodstuffs / drugs) Living in harmony with nature
. Urban decay / Slums Ineffectual endeavours to live in harmony with nature
WLE Exploitation of environmental and cultural resources to maximize well-being / Consumerism Cultivation of more appropriate (environment-friendly) consumption patterns / "Caring for the Earth"
. Over-consumption patterns Fadism / Cultism
WLR Human resource development / Training for jobs / Educating public opinion / Public health programs Creation of opportunities to fulfil aspirations and identity needs / Affirmative action / Appropriate lifestyles
. Inappropriate education / Propaganda Alienation / Substance abuse
WLT Exploitation of cultural heritage / Exploitation of commercial opportunities of tourism Cultural development
. Degradation of cultures / Cultural invasion Cultural homogenization / Cultural imperialism
WTE Energy-intensive production to improve quality of life / Exploitation of energy resources for development (survival) / Production of non-essentials (throw-away products) Low-resource living and production patterns / Sustainable agricultural development
. Over-exploitation of environmental resources (eg over-fishing, over-grazing, fuel-wood crisis, "slash and burn") Subsistence agriculture / Grinding poverty
WTR Protection of trade, production and traditional livelihoods Creation of new economic opportunities / Improving conditions of work (quality of working environment) /Allocation of resources for development
. Restrictive trade practices / Exploitative conditions of work / Crime Ineffectual development initiatives / Structural adjustment "without a human face" / Informal economies