Communication is usually defined as the transmission of information. The term can also refer to the message itself, or the field of inquiry studying these transmissions, also known as communication studies. The precise definition of communication is disputed. Controversial issues are whether unintentional or failed transmissions are included and whether communication does not just transmit meaning but also creates it. Models of communication aim to provide a simplified overview of its main components and their interaction. Many models include the idea that a source uses a coding system to express information in the form of a message. The source uses a channel to send the message to a receiver who has to decode it in order to understand its meaning. Channels are usually discussed in terms of the senses used to perceive the message, like hearing, sight, smell, touch, and taste.

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Second Level Subjects

Newspapers, Newsreels
Audio, Visual
Public Opinion

Organizations relating to Communication

International Federation of the Phonographic Industry / London, UK / Est. 1933
EDU / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2011
International Association of Press Clubs / Warsaw, Poland / Est. 2002
European Association for Studies in Screen Translation / Macerata, Italy / Est. 1995
Balkanmedia Association / Sofia, Bulgaria / Est. 1990
Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 2008
European Society for Communicative Psychotherapy / Watford, UK / Est. 1990
International Society for Gesture Studies / Hamilton NY, USA / Est. 2002
Deaf International Basketball Federation / Heidelberg, Germany / Est. 1998
Arab Federation of Sports Journalists
International Association for Computers and Communications / Columbus OH, USA
International Association for Languages and Intercultural Communication / Valencia, Spain / Est. 2000
Arab-US Association for Communication Educators / Winter Park FL, USA / Est. 1995
Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers / Watford, UK / Est. 1972
European Journalism Training Association / Mechelen, Belgium / Est. 1990
International Association for Communication in Healthcare / Salisbury, UK / Est. 2001
Society for News Design - Scandinavia / Est. 1985
Asociación Iberoamericana de Periodistas Especializados y Técnicos / Barcelona, Spain / Est. 1981
International Society for Intermedial Studies / Est. 1996
Global Advertising Lawyers Alliance / New York NY, USA / Est. 1989
Confederación Iberoamericana de Asociaciones Científicas y Académicas de la Comunicación / Est. 2009
Associação Ibero-Americana de Comunicação / Est. 1998
European Interactive Digital Advertising Alliance / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2012
Coalition of European Lobbies on Eastern African Pastoralism / Brussels, Belgium
International Association of Communication Activists / Est. 2012
UNESCO Office, Jakarta - Regional Bureau for Sciences in Asia and the Pacific / Jakarta, Indonesia / Est. 1951
Association of SAARC Speakers and Parliamentarians / Kathmandu, Nepal / Est. 1992
Pontifical Council for Social Communications / Vatican City, Vatican / Est. 1948
Intergovernmental Committee of the International Convention of Rome for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1961
United Nations Communications Group / New York NY, USA / Est. 1973
European Magazine Media Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1975
UNIDO International Solar Energy Centre for Technology Promotion and Transfer / Lanzhou, China / Est. 2006
Islamic Presentation Centre International / Birmingham, UK / Est. 1984
Asian Institute of Journalism and Communication / Manila, Philippines / Est. 1980
European Network for Prevention and Health Promotion in Family Medicine and General Practice / Ljubljana, Slovenia / Est. 1996
International Council for the Publication of the Opera Omnia of Erasmus / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1963
Committee on Information / New York NY, USA / Est. 1978
INFOYOUTH - Worldwide Information Network on Youth Related Issues / Paris, France / Est. 1992
Instituto Latinoamericano de la Comunicación Educativa / Mexico City, Mexico / Est. 1956
Mediterranean Centre of Audiovisual Communication / Marseille, France / Est. 1986
Regional Centre for the Promotion of Books in Latin America and the Caribbean / Bogota, Colombia / Est. 1971
Instituto Internacional de Periodismo 'José Marti' / Havana, Cuba / Est. 1983
UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education / Bangkok, Thailand / Est. 1961
Regional Activity Centre for Information and Communication of the Barcelona Convention / Rome, Italy / Est. 1993
Co-ordinating Council of Audiovisual Archives Associations / Stuttgart, Germany
Baltic Audiovisual Archival Council / Tallinn, Estonia / Est. 2005
Malone Society / London, UK / Est. 1906
Integrated Marketing Communications Council of Europe / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1980
United Nations Programme of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination and Wider Appreciation of International Law / New York NY, USA / Est. 1965
Media Institute of Southern Africa / Est. 1992

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