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Communication → Printing


Printing is a process for mass reproducing text and images using a master form or template. The earliest non-paper products involving printing include cylinder seals and objects such as the Cyrus Cylinder and the Cylinders of Nabonidus. The earliest known form of printing evolved from ink rubbings made on paper or cloth from texts on stone tablets, used during the sixth century. Printing by pressing an inked image onto paper appeared later that century. Later developments in printing technology include the movable type invented by Bi Sheng around 1040 AD and the printing press invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century. The technology of printing played a key role in the development of the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution and laid the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses.

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Organizations relating to Printing

World Print and Communication Forum / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2004
Xplor International / Lutz FL, USA / Est. 1980
Forum of AsianPacific Graphic Arts Technology / Tokyo, Japan
International Association of Printing House Craftsmen / Maple Grove MN, USA / Est. 1919
European Flexographic Industry Association / Leeds, UK / Est. 1972
International Association of Certified Thermographers / Gig Harbor WA, USA / Est. 2006
European Flexographic Technical Association Benelux / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1981
Baltic United Special Printing Association
Arab Federation for Paper, Printing and Packaging Industries / Beirut, Lebanon / Est. 1977
European Association of Printing Managers / Est. 1950
International Font Technology Association / Est. 2003
International Council for Reprography / Est. 1963
International Association for Prepress Industry / Est. 1947
Asia-Pacific Printers Federation / Est. 1968
European Printer Manufacturers and Importers / Frankfurt-Main, Germany / Est. 1988
International Federation of Fabric Printers / Est. 1947
International Typographers' Secretariat / Est. 1892
International Association of Textile Dyers and Printers / Est. 1967
Nordiska Gravörorganisationen
Scandinavian Paint and Printing Ink Research Institute
Worldwide Printing Thermographers Association / Nashville TN, USA
Association of Printing and Data Solutions Professionals / Oak Park IL, USA / Est. 1927
Vienna Agreement for the Protection of Type Faces and Their International Deposit / Est. 1973
International Association of Electrotypers / Est. 1897
International Printers Supply Salesmen's Guild / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1913
Amalgamated Lithographers of America / Est. 1882
International Quick Printing Foundation / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1978
International Financial Printers Association / Alexandria VA, USA / Est. 1983
Typographers International Association / Est. 1920
International Cartridge Recycling Association / Est. 1990
International Allied Printing Trades Association / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1911
International Association of Sideographers / Manassas VA, USA
International Stereotypers and Electrotypers Union / Est. 1902
International Thermographers Association / Alexandria VA, USA / Est. 1973
International Typographical Union / Est. 1852
International Advanced Microlithography Society / Est. 1982
Committee on the Fabric Printing Industries of the EEC
Committee of European Copier Manufacturers
International Photoengravers Union / Est. 1900
Lithographers and Photoengravers International Union / Est. 1964
International Association of Sublimation Printers / Oakwood GA, USA / Est. 1990
International Centre for the Typographic Arts / Est. 1961
European Association of Manufacturers of Printing and Writing Papers / Est. 1958
International Plate Printers, Die Stampers and Engravers' Union of North America / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1893
World Print Council / Est. 1973
Waterless Printing Association / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1993
Nordisk Boktrykkerråd
International Government Printing and Publishing Association / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1988
International Transfer Printing Institute / Est. 1975
International Prepress Association / Est. 1897

View all profiles (101 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

Action Strategies relating to Printing

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Restoring consumer confidence
Issuing currency
Maintaining library
Printing bibles
Advancing infrared imaging
Promoting screenprinting and graphics industry
Collecting printing machinery statistics
Promoting engraving techniques
Junk heading not to be typeset
Representing screen printing industry
Screening printing firms
Manufacturing printing and paper converting machinery
Printing colourful community folklore
Reporting negligence by the print media
Publishing effective printed material
Junk heading not to be typeset
Developing screen printing technology

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