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Communication → Printing


Printing is a process for mass reproducing text and images using a master form or template. The earliest non-paper products involving printing include cylinder seals and objects such as the Cyrus Cylinder and the Cylinders of Nabonidus. The earliest known form of printing as applied to paper was woodblock printing, which appeared in China before 220 AD for cloth printing. However, it would not be applied to paper until the seventh century. Later developments in printing technology include the movable type invented by Bi Sheng around 1040 AD and the printing press invented by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century. The technology of printing played a key role in the development of the Renaissance and the Scientific Revolution and laid the material basis for the modern knowledge-based economy and the spread of learning to the masses.

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Organizations relating to Printing

World Coatings Council / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1992
FESPA / Dorking, UK / Est. 1962
European Toner and Inkjet Remanufacturers Association / Breda, Netherlands / Est. 2003
European Committee of Printing and Paper Converting Machinery Manufacturers / Zurich, Switzerland / Est. 1957
European Cartridge Research Association / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1964
Asian Pacific Publishers Association / Seoul, Korea Rep / Est. 1992
European Society for Micrographic Surgery / Eindhoven, Netherlands / Est. 1990
Nordic Offset Printing Association, The / Stockholm, Sweden
FTA Europe / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2015
Association of European Printing Museums / Brussels, Belgium
World Print and Communication Forum / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2004
International Society of Copier and Computergraphic Artists / Brooklyn NY, USA / Est. 1982
Imaging Consumables Coalition of Europe, Middle-East and Africa / Egham, UK / Est. 1997
Forum of AsianPacific Graphic Arts Technology / Tokyo, Japan
International Association of Printing House Craftsmen / Maple Grove MN, USA / Est. 1919
International Society of Typographic Designers / London, UK / Est. 1928
European Flexographic Industry Association / Leeds, UK / Est. 1972
International Association of Certified Thermographers / Gig Harbor WA, USA / Est. 2006
I and P Europe Imaging and Printing Association / Frankfurt-Main, Germany
European Flexographic Technical Association Benelux / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1981
Baltic United Special Printing Association
European Association of Printing Managers / Est. 1950
International Font Technology Association / Est. 2003
International Council for Reprography / Est. 1963
International Association for Prepress Industry / Est. 1947
Asia-Pacific Printers Federation / Est. 1968
European Printer Manufacturers and Importers / Frankfurt-Main, Germany / Est. 1988
International Federation of Fabric Printers / Est. 1947
International Typographers' Secretariat / Est. 1892
International Association of Textile Dyers and Printers / Est. 1967
Nordiska Gravörorganisationen
Scandinavian Paint and Printing Ink Research Institute
Worldwide Printing Thermographers Association / Nashville TN, USA
Association of Printing and Data Solutions Professionals / Oak Park IL, USA / Est. 1927
Vienna Agreement for the Protection of Type Faces and Their International Deposit / Est. 1973
Marrakesh Treaty to Facilitate Access to Published Works for Persons Who Are Blind, Visually Impaired or Otherwise Print Disabled / Est. 2013
International Association of Electrotypers / Est. 1897
International Printers Supply Salesmen's Guild / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1913
Amalgamated Lithographers of America / Est. 1882
International Quick Printing Foundation / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1978
International Financial Printers Association / Alexandria VA, USA / Est. 1983
Typographers International Association / Est. 1920
International Cartridge Recycling Association / Est. 1990
International Allied Printing Trades Association / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1911
International Association of Sideographers / Manassas VA, USA
International Stereotypers and Electrotypers Union / Est. 1902
International Thermographers Association / Alexandria VA, USA / Est. 1973
International Typographical Union / Est. 1852
International Advanced Microlithography Society / Est. 1982
Committee on the Fabric Printing Industries of the EEC

View all profiles (100 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Printing

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Environmental hazards from paper and printing industries
Computer piracy

Action Strategies relating to Printing

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Restoring consumer confidence
Protecting against environmental hazards from paper and printing industries
Issuing currency
Maintaining library
Printing bibles
Promoting screenprinting and graphics industry
Advancing infrared imaging
Representing screen printing industry
Printing colourful community folklore
Publishing effective printed material
Collecting printing machinery statistics
Promoting engraving techniques
Screening printing firms
Manufacturing printing and paper converting machinery
Reporting negligence by the print media
Developing screen printing technology
Developing screen printing
Collecting printing machinery statistics

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