Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Secretariat of the Convention of Wetlands

1987 Gland Switzerland E g

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

SCBD 1993 Montréal QC Canada E g

Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CITES Secretariat Geneva Switzerland E g

Secretariat of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

UNEP/CMS Bonn Germany E g

Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme

SPREP 1982 Apia Samoa E g


2006 Kobe Japan D

SETAC Asia/Pacific

SETAC AP 1997 Coopers Plains QLD Australia K

SETAC Latin America

Sao Paulo Brazil K

Shark Advocates International

SAI Washington DC USA J

Shark Research Institute

SRI 1991 Princeton NJ USA F j

Shark Trust

1997 Plymouth UK G

SHARKPROJECT International

2002 Heusenstamm Germany F

Shell Foundation

2000 London UK G f

Siemenpuu Foundation

1998 Helsinki Finland G f

Sierra Club International Program

1972 Oakland CA USA E

Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science

SAHFOS Plymouth UK G f


2002 Shepherdstown WV USA G

Small Island Developing States - Island Energy for Island Life


Socialists, Democrats and Greens Group

SOC 1975 Strasbourg France F v

Sociedad Iberoamericana de Contaminación y Toxicologgia Ambientales

SICTA 2001 J

Sociedad Iberoamericana de Fisica y Quimica Ambiental

SiFyQA 2005 Salamanca Spain D

Sociedad Iberoamericana y del Caribe de Restauración Ecológica

SIACRE 2013 Mexico City Mexico D

Sociedad Latinoamericana de Biotecnologia Ambiental y Algal

SOLABIAA 2008 Xalapa Mexico D

Sociedad Latinoamericana de Especialistas en Mamiferos Acuaticos


Sociedad Latinoamericana y Caribeña de Historia Ambiental


Sociedad Mesoamericana para la Biologia y la Conservación

SMBC 1996 D

Société européenne des réalisateurs de l'environnement

SERE 1992 G

Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment


Society for Conservation Biology

SCB 1985 Washington DC USA F

Society for Conservation GIS

SCGIS 1997 N

Society for Ecological Restoration International

SERI 1987 Washington DC USA G

Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health

SEGH 1971 D v

Society for Gas as a Marine Fuel

SGMF London UK C

Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies

SLLS 2010 Newton Abbot UK C

Society for Marine Mammalogy

SMM 1981 Yarmouth Port MA USA N

Society for the Conservation of Endangered Carnivores and their International Ecological Study


Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations

SCRFA Hong Kong Hong Kong D

Society for the Preservation of the Natural History Collections

SPNHC 1985 New York NY USA G

Society for the Protection of Human and Environmental Rights International

SPHER International London UK J

Society for the Protection of Unborn Children

SPUC 1967 London UK G

Society for Tropical Ecology

1995 Frankfurt-Main Germany G

Society for Underwater Technology

SUT 1966 London UK F

Society of Cleaning and Restoration Technicians

SCRT 1971 Leesburg GA USA N

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SETAC 1979 Brussels Belgium F v

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Europe

SETAC Europe 1989 Brussels Belgium E

Society of Exploration Geophysicists

SEG 1930 Tulsa OK USA G v

Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers

SNAME 1893 Alexandria VA USA G v

Sodalicio de Vida Cristiana

SCV 1971 Lima Peru E

Soil and Water Conservation Society

SWCS 1943 Ankeny IA USA G

Solar Cookers International

SCI 1987 Sacramento CA USA F