Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Society for Ecological Restoration International

SERI 1987 Washington DC USA G

Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health

SEGH 1968 D v

Society for Gas as a Marine Fuel

SGMF 2014 London UK C

Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies

SLLS 2010 Newton Abbot UK C

Society for Marine Mammalogy

SMM 1981 Moss Landing CA USA N

Society for the Conservation of Endangered Carnivores and their International Ecological Study

SPECIES J

Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations

SCRFA Hong Kong Hong Kong D

Society for the Preservation of the Natural History Collections

SPNHC 1985 New York NY USA G

Society for the Protection of Human and Environmental Rights International

SPHER International London UK G

Society for the Protection of Unborn Children

SPUC 1967 London UK G Human Rights Organizations

Society for Tropical Ecology

1995 Frankfurt-Main Germany G

Society for Underwater Technology

SUT 1966 London UK F

Society of Cleaning and Restoration Technicians

SCRT 1971 Leesburg GA USA N

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SETAC 1979 Brussels Belgium F v

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Europe

SETAC Europe 1989 Brussels Belgium E

Society of Exploration Geophysicists

SEG 1930 Tulsa OK USA G v

Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers

SNAME 1893 Alexandria VA USA G v Professional Bodies

Sodalitium christianae Vitae

SCV 1971 Lima Peru J

Soil and Water Conservation Society

SWCS 1943 Ankeny IA USA G

Solar Influences Data Analysis Centre

SIDC 1981 Brussels Belgium E

Solution Mining Research Institute

SMRI 1959 Clarks Summit PA USA E j Institutes

South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme

SACEP 1982 Colombo Sri Lanka F g IGOs

South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People

SANDRP 1998 Delhi India G

South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment

SAWTEE 1994 Kathmandu Nepal F

South Asian Forum for Environment

SAFE 1998 Kolkata India G

South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics

SANDEE 1999 Kathmandu Nepal F

South East Atlantic Fisheries Organization

SEAFO 2001 Swakopmund Namibia D g IGOs

South Pacific Environmental Radioactivity Association

SPERA 1991 Darwin Australia D

South Pacific Fisheries Treaty

1987 T g Treaties, IGOs

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation

SPRFMO Wellington New Zealand D g IGOs

South Pacific Whale Research Consortium

SPWRC 2000 Rarotonga Cook Is D

South West Waters Advisory Council

SWWAC 2007 Lorient France E

Southeast Asia Regional Committee

SARCS 1993 Chung Li Taiwan E

Southeast Asian Biosphere Reserve Network

SeaBRnet 1998 Jakarta Indonesia F

Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center

SEAFDEC 1967 Bangkok Thailand E g IGOs

Southeast Asian Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives

SARBICA 1968 Hanoi Vietnam K

Southern African Built Environment Research Centre

SABERC Bellville South Africa N

Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute

SAFCEI 2005 Westlake South Africa G j Institutes

Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds

SANCCOB 1968 Cape Town South Africa G f Foundations

Southern African Institute for Environmental Assessment

SAIEA Windhoek Namibia D j Institutes

Southern African Institute of Forestry

SAIF 1968 Menlo Park South Africa G j Institutes

Southern African International Conference on Environmental Management

SAICEM S c Conference Series

Southern African-Nordic Centre

SANORD 2007 Cape Town South Africa E

Space for Giants

Nanyuki Kenya G

Species 2000

1996 Leiden Netherlands E

Spoonbill Action Voluntary Echo International

SAVE International Berkeley CA USA G

Sport and Recreation Council of the Central American Isthmus

1992 Tegucigalpa Honduras E g IGOs

Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future

SF 1992 London UK G

Standing Committee to the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats

1982 Strasbourg France E gy International Federations, Treaties, IGOs

STEPS Centre

Falmer UK G

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