Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Sea Change Foundation International

2011 N f

Sea First Foundation

SFF 2009 Bergschenhoek Netherlands G f

Sea Shepherd International

1977 Friday Harbor WA USA G

Sea Turtle Conservancy

STC 1959 Gainesville FL USA G

Sea Watch Foundation

1991 Anglesey UK G fv


2015 Berlin Germany G

Seagrass 2000

Corte France E


2011 Westford MA USA G

SEAMEO Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts

SEAMEO SPAFA 1985 Bangkok Thailand E g

SEAMEO TROPMED Regional Centre for Public Health, Hospital Administration, Environmental and Occupational Health

Manila Philippines E g

Seas at Risk

SAR 1986 Brussels Belgium F y


1995 Silver Spring MD USA G

Secretariat for the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer

Ozone Secretariat 1989 Nairobi Kenya E g

Secrétariat international francophone pour l'évaluation environnementale

SIFÉE 1996 Montréal QC Canada E

Secretariat of the Convention of Wetlands

1987 Gland Switzerland E g

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

SCBD 1993 Montréal QC Canada E g

Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CITES Secretariat Geneva Switzerland E g

Secretariat of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

UNEP/CMS Bonn Germany E g

Secretariat of the Minamata Convention on Mercury

Geneva E g

Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme

SPREP 1982 Apia Samoa E g


2006 Kobe Japan D

SETAC Asia/Pacific

SETAC AP 1997 Coopers Plains QLD K

SETAC Latin America

Sao Paulo Brazil K

Shark Advocates International

SAI Washington DC USA J

Shark Research Institute

SRI 1991 Princeton NJ USA F j

Shark Trust

1997 Plymouth UK G

SHARKPROJECT International

2002 Heusenstamm Germany F

Shell Foundation

2000 London UK G f

Siemenpuu Foundation

1998 Helsinki Finland G f

Sierra Club International Program

1972 Oakland CA USA E

Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science

SAHFOS Plymouth UK G f


2002 Shepherdstown WV USA G

Small Island Developing States - Island Energy for Island Life


Socialists, Democrats and Greens Group

SOC 1975 Strasbourg France F v

Sociedad Iberoamericana de Contaminación y Toxicologgia Ambientales

SICTA 2001 J

Sociedad Iberoamericana de Fisica y Quimica Ambiental

SiFyQA 2005 Salamanca Spain D

Sociedad Iberoamericana y del Caribe de Restauración Ecológica

SIACRE 2013 Mexico City Mexico D

Sociedad Latinoamericana de Biotecnologia Ambiental y Algal

SOLABIAA 2008 Xalapa D

Sociedad Latinoamericana de Especialistas en Mamiferos Acuaticos


Sociedad Latinoamericana y Caribeña de Historia Ambiental


Sociedad Mesoamericana para la Biologia y la Conservación

SMBC 1996 D

Société européenne des réalisateurs de l'environnement

SERE 1992 G

Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment


Society for Conservation Biology

SCB 1985 Washington DC USA F

Society for Conservation GIS

SCGIS 1997 N

Society for Ecological Restoration International

SERI 1987 Washington DC G

Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health

SEGH 1971 D v

Society for Freshwater Science

SFS 1953 Logan UT USA G

Society for Gas as a Marine Fuel

SGMF London UK C

Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies

SLLS 2010 Newton Abbot UK C