Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

World Conference on Marine Biodiversity

WCMB S c Conference Series

World Congress Alternatives and Environment

1979 Vienna Austria S cv Conference Series

World Conservation Trust

IWMC 1994 Lausanne Switzerland E

World Council for Automobile Mobility and Tourism

Paris France K

World Council of Fisheries Societies

WCFS 2000 Bethesda MD USA G

World Council of Whalers

WCW 1997 D Human Rights Organizations

World Environment Center

WEC 1974 Washington DC USA E

World Environmental Education Congress Network

2003 Turin Italy F

World Evangelical Alliance Sustainability Center

WEA Sustainability Center 2018 Bonn Germany G

World Federation of Doctors who Respect Human Life

WFDWRHL 1974 Ostend Belgium C

World Federation of Engineering Organizations

WFEO 1968 Paris France A y Professional Bodies, International Federations

World Federation of United Nations Associations

WFUNA 1946 New York NY USA E Humanitarian Organizations, United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations

World Fish Migration Foundation

Groningen Netherlands G f Foundations

World Fisheries Trust

WFT 1996 Victoria BC Canada G

World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fishworkers

WFF 1997 Kampala Uganda F Human Rights Organizations

World Forum of Fisher Peoples

WFFP 1997 Mowbray South Africa F

World Glacier Monitoring Service

WGMS 1967 Zurich Switzerland F

World Green Building Council

WorldGBC 1999 Toronto ON Canada E

World Green Design Organization

WGDO 2012 Beijing China J

World Green Economy Organization

WGEO Dubai United Arab Emirates J g IGOs

World Green Infrastructure Network

WGIN 2008 Toronto ON Canada F

World Green Tea Association

Shizuoka Japan N

World Heritage Centre

WHC 1972 Paris France E g UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

World Heritage Committee

1976 Paris France E g UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

World Information Transfer

WIT 1986 New York NY USA F Humanitarian Organizations

World Institute for a Sustainable Humanity

A WISH Bellingham WA USA G j Institutes

World Jewish Restitution Organization

WJRO 1992 Jerusalem Israel D y International Federations

World Land Trust

WLT 1989 Halesworth UK G

World Maritime University

WMU 1983 Malmö Sweden E y International Federations

World Network for Linguistic Diversity

Mayaa Paris France E y International Federations

World Network of Biosphere Reserves

WNBR 1971 Paris France F

World Network of Indigenous Peoples and Local Community Land and Sea Managers

WIN 2012 New York NY USA E

World Ocean Council

WOC 2008 Honolulu HI USA F

World Ocean Network

WON 1999 Boulogne-sur-Mer France C

World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies

WOCAT 1992 Bern Switzerland K

World Oyster Society

WOS 2005 C

World Pharmacists

1997 Athens Greece G v Humanitarian Organizations

World Pheasant Association

WPA 1975 Hexham UK E v

World Seabird Union

WSU 2010 Clemson SC USA C y International Federations

World Ship Society

WSS 1947 Mitcham UK F

World Sturgeon Conservation Society

WSCS 2003 Neu Wulmstorf Germany D

World Volleyball and Beach Volleyball Federation

WVBF 2006 Lausanne Switzerland D

World Wide Fund for Nature

WWF 1961 Gland Switzerland F f Funds, Funds

World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls

WWGBP 1970 Berlin Germany E

Worldchanging

Seattle WA USA N

WorldFish Center

1975 Bayan Lepas Malaysia E

WorldLoop

2011 Brussels Belgium G

Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy

1991 Wuppertal Germany G j Institutes

Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation

1971 Portland OR USA G

Yes to Life, No to Mining

YLNM 2012 F

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