Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Society for Marine Mammalogy

SMM 1981 Yarmouth Port MA N

Society for the Conservation of Endangered Carnivores and their International Ecological Study

SPECIES J

Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations

SCRFA Hong Kong Hong Kong D

Society for the Preservation of the Natural History Collections

SPNHC 1985 New York NY USA G

Society for the Protection of Human and Environmental Rights International

SPHER International London UK J

Society for the Protection of Unborn Children

SPUC 1967 London UK G

Society for Tropical Ecology

1995 Frankfurt-Main Germany G

Society for Underwater Technology

SUT 1966 London UK F

Society of Cleaning and Restoration Technicians

SCRT 1971 Wilmington OH USA N

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SETAC 1979 Brussels F v

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Europe

SETAC Europe 1989 Brussels Belgium E

Society of Exploration Geophysicists

SEG 1930 Houston TX USA G v

Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers

SNAME 1893 Alexandria VA USA G v

Sodalicio de Vida Cristiana

SCV 1971 Lima Peru E

Soil and Water Conservation Society

SWCS 1943 Ankeny IA USA G

Solar Cookers International

SCI 1987 Sacramento CA USA F

Solar Influences Data Analysis Centre

SIDC 1981 E

Solution Mining Research Institute

SMRI 1959 E j

South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme

SACEP 1982 Colombo Sri Lanka F g

South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People

SANDRP 1998 Delhi India G

South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment

SAWTEE 1994 Kathmandu Nepal F t

South Asian Forum for Environment

SAFE 1998 Kolkata India G

South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics

SANDEE 1999 Kathmandu Nepal F

South East Atlantic Fisheries Organization

SEAFO 1997 Swakopmund D g

South Pacific Environmental Radioactivity Association

SPERA 1991 Lucas Heights NSW Australia D

South Pacific Fisheries Treaty

1987 T g

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation

SPRFMO Wellington New Zealand D g

South Pacific Whale Research Consortium

SPWRC 2000 Avarua Cook Is D

South West Indian Ocean Fisheries Commission

SWIOFC 2004 Maputo Mozambique E g

South West Waters Advisory Council

SWWAC 2007 Lorient France E

Southeast Asia Regional Committee

SARCS 1993 Chung Li Taiwan E

Southeast Asian Biosphere Reserve Network

SeaBRnet 1998 Jakarta Indonesia F

Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center

SEAFDEC 1967 Bangkok Thailand E g

Southeast Asian Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives

SARBICA 1968 Hanoi Vietnam K

Southeast Asian Zoos and Aquariums Association

SEAZA 1990 Rodriguez Philippines D

Southern African Built Environment Research Centre

SABERC Bellville South Africa N

Southern African Faith Communities' Environment Institute

SAFCEI 2005 Westlake South Africa G j

Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds

SANCCOB 1968 Cape Town South Africa G f

Southern African Institute for Environmental Assessment

SAIEA Windhoek Namibia D j

Southern African Institute of Forestry

SAIF 1968 Menlo Park South Africa G j

Southern African International Conference on Environmental Management

SAICEM S c

Southern African-Nordic Centre

SANORD 2007 Cape Town South Africa E

Space for Giants

Nanyuki Kenya G

Species 2000

1996 Leiden Netherlands E

SPMUDA International Organization for Peace and Development

SPMUDA International Dumaguete City Philippines G

Spoonbill Action Voluntary Echo International

SAVE International Berkeley CA USA G

Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future

SF 1992 London UK G

Standing Committee to the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats

1982 Strasbourg France E gy

STEPS Centre

Falmer UK G

Stockholm Environment Institute

SEI 1989 Stockholm Sweden E j

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