Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Urban Environmental Accords

UEA 2012 Gwangju Korea Rep F

UWC Red Cross Nordic

RCNUWC 1995 Flekke Norway G Humanitarian Organizations

UWI Centre for Environment and Development, Mona

UWICED Kingston Jamaica K

Van Tienhoven Foundation for International Nature Protection

1930 Leiden Netherlands G f Foundations

Varkey Foundation

London UK N f

Vegan Society

1944 Hockley UK N

Village Earth

1993 Fort Collins CO USA G


1982 Oklahoma City OK USA N

Volta Basin Authority

VBA 2004 Ouagadougou Burkina Faso F g IGOs

Volta River Authority

VRA 1961 Accra Ghana G g IGOs

Wadden Sea Conference

Wilhelmshaven Germany S gc Conference Series, IGOs

Wadden Sea Forum

WSF 2002 Wilhelmshaven Germany F g IGOs


1983 The Hague Netherlands G

Waste Free Oceans

WFO Brussels Belgium F

Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean

1992 Panama Panama E g IGOs

Water Environment Federation

WEF 1928 Alexandria VA USA G

Water Environment Partnership in Asia

WEPA 2004 Hayama Japan J g IGOs

Web alliance for Regreening in Africa

W4RA Amsterdam Netherlands G

Weeden Foundation

WF 1963 Bedford NY USA N f Foundations

WESSA Share-Net

1989 Howick South Africa E

West African Association for Environmental Assessment

WAAEA 2002 Cotonou Benin D

West African Association for Marine Environment

WAAME 1995 Dakar Senegal G

West African Association for the Development of Artisanal Fisheries

WADAF 1992 Dakar Senegal D

West European Fish Technologists Association

WEFTA 1970 Ijmuiden Netherlands D

Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission

WCPFC Kolonia Micronesia FS E gy International Federations, IGOs

Western Central Atlantic Fishery Commission

WECAFC 1973 Christ Church Barbados E g FAO Bodies, IGOs

Western Dredging Association

WEDA 1978 Bonsall CA USA E

Western Indian Ocean Marine Science Association

WIOMSA 1993 Zanzibar Tanzania UR D

Western Pacific Regional Fishery Management Council

Honolulu HI USA G g IGOs

Wetlands International

1995 Wageningen Netherlands B

Whale and Dolphin Conservation

WDC Chippenham UK G

Whaleman Foundation

Lahaina HI USA N f Foundations

Whales Alive

Sydney Australia G

Whitney R Harris World Ecology Center

1990 St Louis MO USA G

WHO European Centre for Environment and Health

ECEH Bonn Germany K g WHO Bodies, IGOs

WHO Regional Centre for Environmental Health Activities

CEHA 1985 Amman Jordan E g WHO Bodies, IGOs

WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean

EMRO 1948 Cairo Egypt E g WHO Bodies, IGOs

Wild Salmon Center

1992 Portland OR USA E


San Francisco CA USA G

Wildcare Africa Trust

1986 Lynn East South Africa G

Wildcat Foundation

Alexandria VA USA G f Foundations


2000 Imperial Beach CA USA G

Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust

WWT 1946 Slimbridge UK G

Wildlife Conservation Global

Jacksonville FL USA G

Wildlife Conservation Network

WCN 2002 San Francisco CA USA G

Wildlife Conservation Society

WCS 1895 New York NY USA G

Wildlife Disease Association

WDA 1951 Lawrence KS USA C v

Wildlife Protection Solutions



1987 Bristol UK G

Wine in Moderation

WIM 2011 Brussels Belgium F y International Federations