Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNCLOS 1982 T g

United Nations Development Programme

UNDP 1965 New York NY E g

United Nations Economic and Social Council

ECOSOC 1945 New York NY E g

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNESCO 1945 Paris B g

United Nations Environment Programme

UNEP 1972 Nairobi E g

United Nations Foundation

UNF 1998 New York NY USA F f

United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names

UNGEGN 1959 New York NY E g

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHCR 1951 Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service

NGLS 1975 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Office at Geneva

UNOG Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

UNDRR 1999 Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Office for Project Services

UNOPS 1973 Copenhagen E g

United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States

UN-OHRLLS 2001 New York NY E g

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODC 1997 Vienna Austria E g

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

UNPFII 2000 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe

UNRIC 2004 Brussels Belgium E g

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation

UNSCEAR 1955 Vienna Austria E g

United Nations Sustainable Development Group

UNSDG 1997 New York NY USA E g

United Nations University - Institute for Water, Environment and Health

UNU-INWEH 1996 Hamilton ON Canada K j

United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security

UNU-EHS 2003 Bonn Germany E j

United Nations Volunteers

UNV 1971 Bonn Germany F g

Unity-and-Diversity World Council

UDC 1965 Los Angeles CA USA F

Universal Association of Professional Colleges and Universities

UAPCU 2018 Manila Philippines G t

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UDHR 1948 New York NY USA T g

Universal Life Church

ULC 1959 Seattle WA USA N

Universala Medicina Esperanto-Asocio

UMEA 1908 Trier Germany C v

University of the Arctic

UArctic 2001 Rovaniemi D

Urban Biodiversity and Design

URBIO 2008 F

Urban Environmental Accords

UEA 2012 Gwangju Korea Rep F

UWC Red Cross Nordic

RCNUWC 1995 Flekke Norway G

UWI Centre for Environment and Development, Mona

UWICED Kingston Jamaica K

Van Tienhoven Foundation for International Nature Protection

1930 Leiden Netherlands G f

Varkey Foundation

London UK N f

Vegan Society

1944 Hockley UK N


2005 Washington DC USA F

Village Earth

1993 Fort Collins CO G


1982 Oklahoma City OK USA N

Volta Basin Authority

VBA Ouagadougou Burkina Faso F g

Volta River Authority

VRA 1961 Accra Ghana G g

Wadden Sea Conference

Wilhelmshaven Germany S cg

Wadden Sea Forum

WSF 2002 Wilhelmshaven Germany F g

Wainwright House



1983 The Hague Netherlands G

Waste Free Oceans

WFO Brussels Belgium F

Water Center for the Humid Tropics of Latin America and the Caribbean

1992 Panama Panama E g

Water Environment Federation

WEF 1928 Alexandria VA USA G

Water Environment Partnership in Asia

WEPA 2004 Hayama Japan F g

Web alliance for Regreening in Africa

W4RA Amsterdam Netherlands G

WEC International

WEC 1913 Coventry F v

Weeden Foundation

WF 1963 N f