Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Wildlife Conservation Society

WCS 1895 New York NY USA G

Wildlife Disease Association

WDA 1951 Lawrence KS USA C v

Wildlife Protection Solutions

WPS Denver CO USA G

Wildscreen

1987 Bristol UK G

Wireless Communications Association International

WCAI 1988 Washington DC USA G

WMO Applications of Meteorology Programme

AMP Geneva Switzerland K g

WMO Atmospheric Research and Environment Programme

AREP Geneva Switzerland K g

WMO/ESCAP Panel on Tropical Cyclones

PTC 1972 Islamabad Pakistan E g

Woman and Earth Global Eco-Network

1979 New York NY USA G v

Women Engage for a Common Future

WECF 1994 Utrecht Netherlands F y

Women for Genuine Security

1997 Oakland CA USA G

Women for Peace, Sweden

WFP 1979 Stockholm Sweden G

Women's Earth and Climate Action Network, International

WECAN 2011 Mill Valley CA USA G

Women's Environment and Development Organization

WEDO 1990 New York NY USA F

Women's Environmental Network

WEN 1988 London UK G

Workarea Art-Ambient

WAAM 1980 Cairo Montenotte Italy F

Working Conference of Baltic Sea Countries, Norway and Iceland

S c

Working Group on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests

Montreal Process 1994 Tokyo Japan E

Working Group on Rainforests and Biodiversity

1987 Bielefeld Germany G v

WorkingAbroad

1997 Lewes UK N

World Agricultural Information Centre

WAICENT 1992 Rome Italy K g

World Alliance for Efficient Solutions

Lausanne Switzerland J y

World Animal Protection

1981 London UK B

World Aquaculture Society

WAS 1970 Sorrento LA USA C

World Association of Marine Stations

WAMS 2010 Fiskebäckskil Sweden E y

World Association of Soil and Water Conservation

WASWAC 1983 Beijing China B

World Association of Zoos and Aquariums

WAZA 1946 Barcelona Spain C y

World Bank - WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use

WB - WWF Forest Alliance 1998 Washington DC USA E

World Benchmarking Alliance

WBA Amsterdam Netherlands C y

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

WBCSD 1995 Geneva Switzerland C

World Carfree Network

1997 F

World Cetacean Alliance

WCA Brighton UK C y

World Climate Foundation

WCF Copenhagen Denmark J

World Conference on Marine Biodiversity

WCMB S c

World Congress Alternatives and Environment

1979 Vienna Austria S cv

World Conservation Trust

IWMC 1994 Lausanne Switzerland E

World Council for Automobile Mobility and Tourism

Paris France K

World Council of Fisheries Societies

WCFS 2000 Bethesda MD USA G

World Council of Whalers

WCW 1997 D

World Environment Center

WEC 1974 Washington DC USA E

World Environmental Education Congress Network

2003 Turin Italy F

World Evangelical Alliance Sustainability Center

WEA Sustainability Center 2018 Bonn Germany G

World Federation of Doctors who Respect Human Life

WFDWRHL 1974 Ostend Belgium C

World Federation of United Nations Associations

WFUNA 1946 New York NY USA E

World Fish Migration Foundation

Groningen Netherlands G f

World Fisheries Trust

WFT 1996 Victoria BC Canada G

World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fishworkers

WFF 1997 Kampala Uganda F

World Forum of Fisher Peoples

WFFP 1997 Mowbray South Africa F

World Future Council Foundation

WFC 2007 Hamburg Germany F f

World Glacier Monitoring Service

WGMS 1967 Zurich Switzerland F

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