Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

World Climate Foundation

WCF Copenhagen J

World Conference on Marine Biodiversity

WCMB S c

World Congress Alternatives and Environment

1979 Vienna Austria S cv

World Conservation Trust

IWMC 1994 Lausanne E

World Council for Automobile Mobility and Tourism

Paris France K

World Council of Fisheries Societies

WCFS 2000 Bethesda MD USA G

World Council of Whalers

WCW 1997 D

World Environment Center

WEC 1974 Washington DC USA E

World Environmental Education Congress Network

2003 Turin Italy F

World Evangelical Alliance Sustainability Center

WEA Sustainability Center 2018 Bonn G

World Farmers' Organisation

WFO 2011 Rome C

World Federation for Animals

WFA C y

World Federation for Coral Reef Conservation

WFCRC 2008 Houston TX G

World Federation of Doctors who Respect Human Life

WFDWRHL 1974 Ostend Belgium C

World Federation of United Nations Associations

WFUNA 1946 New York NY USA E

World Fish Migration Foundation

Groningen G f

World Fisheries Trust

WFT 1996 Victoria BC Canada G

World for World Organization

WFWO 2001 Rome G

World Forum of Fish Harvesters and Fishworkers

WFF 1997 Kampala Uganda F

World Forum of Fisher Peoples

WFFP 1997 F

World Future Council Foundation

WFC 2007 Hamburg Germany F f

World Glacier Monitoring Service

WGMS 1967 Zurich Switzerland F

World Green Building Council

WorldGBC 1999 Toronto ON Canada E

World Green Design Organization

WGDO 2012 Beijing China J

World Green Economy Organization

WGEO Dubai J g

World Green Infrastructure Network

WGIN 2008 Toronto ON Canada F

World Green Tea Association

Shizuoka Japan N

World Health Organization

WHO 1946 Geneva Switzerland B g

World Heritage Centre

WHC 1972 Paris France E g

World Heritage Committee

1976 Paris France E g

World Heritage Watch

WHW 2014 Berlin G y

World Information Transfer

WIT 1986 New York NY F

World Institute for a Sustainable Humanity

A WISH 1995 Bellingham WA USA G j

World Jewish Restitution Organization

WJRO 1992 Jerusalem Israel D y

World Land Trust

WLT 1989 Halesworth UK G

World Maritime University

WMU 1983 Malmö E y

World Meteorological Organization

WMO 1947 Geneva Switzerland B g

World Network for Linguistic Diversity

Maaya Geneva Switzerland E y

World Network of Biosphere Reserves

WNBR 1971 Paris France F

World Network of Indigenous Peoples and Local Community Land and Sea Managers

WIN 2012 New York NY USA E

World Ocean Council

WOC 2008 Honolulu HI USA F

World Ocean Network

WON 1999 Boulogne-sur-Mer France C

World Organization of the Scout Movement

WOSM 1907 Kuala Lumpur B

World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies

WOCAT 1992 Bern Switzerland K

World Oyster Society

WOS 2005 C

World Pheasant Association

WPA 1975 Hexham UK E v

World Sailing

1907 London B y

World Seabird Union

WSU 2010 Clemson SC C y

World Ship Society

WSS 1947 Mitcham UK F

World Sturgeon Conservation Society

WSCS 2003 Neu Wulmstorf Germany D

Pages