Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


Goal 14 is about conserving and sustainably using the oceans, seas and marine resources. Healthy oceans and seas are essential to human existence and life on Earth.

The Ocean is intrinsic to our life on earth. Covering three-quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 percent of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 percent of the living space on the planet by volume.

They provide key natural resources including food, medicines, biofuels and other products; help with the breakdown and removal of waste and pollution; and their coastal ecosystems act as buffers to reduce damage from storms. They also act as the planet’s greatest carbon sink.

Worryingly, marine pollution is reaching extreme levels, with over 17 million metric tons clogging the ocean in 2021, a figure set to double or triple by 2040. Plastic is the most harmful type of ocean pollution.

Currently, the ocean’s average pH is 8.1 which is about 30 per cent more acidic than in pre- industrial times. Ocean acidification threatens the survival of marine life, disrupts the food web, and undermines vital services provided by the ocean and our own food security.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. This includes increasing funding for ocean science, intensifying conservation efforts, and urgently turning the tide on climate change to safeguard the planet’s largest ecosystem. Current efforts to protect are not yet meeting the urgent need to safeguard this vast, yet fragile, resource.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

World Network of Indigenous Peoples and Local Community Land and Sea Managers

WIN 2012 New York NY USA E

World Ocean Council

WOC 2008 Honolulu HI USA C y

World Ocean Network

WON 1999 Boulogne-sur-Mer France C

World Organization of the Scout Movement

WOSM 1907 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia B

World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies

WOCAT 1992 Bern Switzerland K

World Oyster Society

WOS 2005 C

World Pheasant Association

WPA 1975 Hexham UK E v

World Sailing

1907 London UK B y

World Seabird Union

WSU 2010 Clemson SC USA C y

World Shiology Forum

WSF 2017 Beijing China J

World Ship Society

WSS 1947 Mitcham UK F

World Sturgeon Conservation Society

WSCS 2003 Neu Wulmstorf Germany D

World Trade Organization

WTO 1995 Geneva Switzerland B gt

World Urban Parks

2015 Edmonton AB Canada C

World Veterinary Association

WVA 1959 Brussels Belgium A y

World Water Council

WWC 1996 Marseille France C y

World Wide Fund for Nature

WWF 1961 Gland Switzerland F f

World Working Group on Birds of Prey and Owls

WWGBP 1970 E

Worldchanging

Seattle WA USA N

WorldFish

1975 Bayan Lepas Malaysia E

WorldLoop

2011 Brussels Belgium G

Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy

1991 Wuppertal Germany G j

Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation

1971 Portland OR USA G

Yes to Life, No to Mining

YLNM 2012 F

YES!

1990 Berkeley CA USA N

Young Friends of the Earth Europe

Young FoEE Brussels Belgium E

Youth and Environment Europe

YEE 1983 Prague Czechia E

Yves Rocher Foundation

1991 Issy-les-Moulineaux France G f

Zebrafish International Resource Center

ZIRC Eugene OR USA N

Zoï Environment Network

Geneva Switzerland G

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