Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities

1996 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Subsoil

1994 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Regulation of Whaling

1945 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts Against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf

SUA PROT 1988 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol I to the Convention for the Prohibition of Fishing with Long Driftnets in the South Pacific

1990 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol II to the Convention for the Prohibition of Fishing with Long Driftnets in the South Pacific

1990 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 1973 to the International Convention Relating to Intervention of the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties

1973 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 1978 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974

1978 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 1988 Relating to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea

SOLAS PROT 1988 1988 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 2005 to the Protocol for the Suppression of Unlawful Acts against the Safety of Fixed Platforms Located on the Continental Shelf

SUA PROT 2005 2005 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 2010 to Amend the International Convention of Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea

HNS PROT 2010 2010 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Black Sea Marine Environment by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Emergency Situations

1992 Istanbul Turkey T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution from Land-based Sources

1992 Istanbul Turkey T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Shared Watercourse Systems in the Southern African Development Community Region

1995 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Strategic Environmental Assessment

SEA 2003 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on the Control of Marine Transboundary Movements and Disposal of Hazardous Wastes

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

1996 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Seabed Authority

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on the Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution by Dumping

1992 Istanbul Turkey T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Water and Health to the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

1999 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Wildlife Conservation and Law Enforcement

1999 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Marine Pollution by Substances other Than Oil

INTERVENTION PROT 1973 1973 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to Amend the 1910 Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Assistance and Salvage at Sea

1967 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Antarctic Treaty on Environmental Protection

1991 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1976

1976 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 1990

1990 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Athens Convention Relating to the Carriage of Passengers and Their Luggage by Sea, 2002

2002 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Conference of the States Parties to the Convention on Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

1982 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling

1956 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Treaties Concerning the Delimitation of the Continental Shelf under the North Sea

1971 T g Treaties, IGOs

Provisional Agreement Respecting the Whangpoo Conservancy

1912 T g Treaties, IGOs

Provisional Understanding Regarding Deep Seabed Matters

1984 T g Treaties, IGOs

Purple Martin Conservation Association

1986 Erie PA USA N

Quaker Earthcare Witness

QEW 1987 Albany CA USA G

Race for Water Foundation

2010 Lausanne Switzerland G f Foundations

Radiant.Earth

Washington DC USA G

Rainforest Foundation UK

RFUK London UK G f Foundations

Rare

1973 Arlington VA USA G

Raymond Lemaire International Centre for the Conservation of Historic Towns and Buildings

RLICC 1976 Leuven Belgium G

Red de Instituciones Vinculadas a la Capacitación en Economia y Politicas Agricolas en América Latina y el Caribe

REDCAPA 1993 Rio de Janeiro Brazil F

Red Iberoamericana de Ciclo de Vida

E

Red Panda Network

RPN 2007 Eugene OR USA F

Reef-World Foundation

Brynteg UK G f Foundations

REFORME

1986 Ribera de Arriba Spain F

Regeneration International

2015 Finland MN USA F

Regional Activity Centre for Specially Protected Areas

RAC/SPA 1985 Tunis Tunisia K g IGOs

Regional Clean Sea Organization

RECSO 1972 Dubai United Arab Emirates D

Regional Commission for Fisheries

RECOFI 1999 Cairo Egypt E gy FAO Bodies, International Federations, IGOs

Regional Committee on Hydraulic Resources of Water Resources Committee of the Central American Isthmus

1966 San José Costa Rica E g IGOs

Regional Convention for the Management and Conservation of the Natural Forest Ecosystems and the Development of Forest Plantations

1993 T g Treaties, IGOs

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