Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities


The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Convention for Facilitating Trade Exchange and the Regulation of Transit Trade between States of the Arab League

1953 T g

Convention for the Establishment of Free Trade, 1911

1911 T g

Convention for the Establishment of Free Trade, 1923

1923 T g

Convention for the Extension of the Extradition Treaty of October 3 1904, to Certain Protectorates and Mandated Territories

1930 T g

Convention for the Extension to Certain Protectorates and Mandated Territories of the Treaty of December 12 1891

1930 T g

Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

Oslo Convention 1972 T g

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

1950 Strasbourg France T g

Convention for the Settlement of Payments of Current Transaction and the Movements of Capital between States of the Arab League

1953 T g

Convention of the Privileges and Immunities of the League of Arab States

1953 T g

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Århus Convention 1998 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention on Insider Trading

1989 Strasbourg France T g

Convention on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters between the Member States of the European Union

2000 T g

Convention on Territorial Asylum

1954 Washington DC USA T g

Convention on the Declaration of Death of Missing Persons, 1950

1950 T g

Convention on the Declaration of Death of Missing Persons, 1967

1967 T g

Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women

CEDAW 1979 New York NY USA T g

Convention on the International Access to Justice

1980 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the International Recovery of Child Support and other Forms of Family Maintenance

2007 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in Respect of Securities Held with an Intermediary

2002 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Political Rights of Women

1953 T g

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter

LDC 1972 London UK T g

Convention on the Provisional Administration of European Colonies and Possessions in the Americas

1940 T g

Convention on the Recognition of Studies, Diplomas and Degrees in Higher Education in the States Belonging to the Europe Region

1979 Paris France T g

Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance

1956 T g

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

CRPD 2006 T g

Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters

1965 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of other States

1965 T g

Convention on the Taking of Evidence Abroad in Civil or Commercial Matters

1970 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone

1958 T g

Convention on the Transfer of Control of Persons to the External Frontiers of Benelux Territory

1960 Brussels Belgium T g

Convention on the Transfer to the State of Which They Are Citizens, to Serve Their Sentence, of Persons Condemned to Emprisonment

1978 T g

Convention on Transit Trade of Land-locked States

1965 T g

Convention Regarding Bankruptcy between Nordic States

1933 T g

Convention Regarding Inheritance and the Settlement of the Devolution of Property

1934 T g

Convention Relating to Registration of Rights in Respect of Vessels under Construction

1967 T g

Convention Relative to Certain Restrictions on the Rights of Capture in Maritime War

1907 T g

Convention Respecting the Application of the Accident Insurance Laws of the Various States to Cases Where an Employer in One of the Contracting States Carries on a Business or Employs Workers in Another of the Said States

1937 T g

Convention to Coordinate, Extend and Assure the Fulfillment of the Existing Treaties between the American States

1936 T g

Convention to Facilitate the Celebration of Marriages Abroad

1964 T g

Convergences

2008 Paris France G

Cooperation Council of Turkic Speaking States

Turkic Council 2009 Istanbul Istanbul Turkey D g

Coopération internationale de promotion et aides au développement

CIPAD 1995 Othée Belgium G

Cooperative Agreement for Arab States in Asia for Research, Development and Training Related to Nuclear Science and Technology

ARASIA 2002 T g

Cooperative College Trust

1919 Manchester UK G f

Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group

CINRG 1999 Washington DC USA G

Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe

EMEP 1979 Geneva GE Switzerland F g

Cooperatives Europe

Brussels Belgium E y

Cooperazione Internazionale

COOPI 1962 Milan MI Italy G

Cooperazione Italiana Nord-Sud

CINS 1988 Rome RM Italy G

Coordinating Body for the Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin

1984 Quito Ecuador F

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