Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities


The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Conferencia Iberoamericana de Justicia Constitucional

CIJC 2005 Madrid Madrid Spain D g

Congé solidaire

1999 Paris France G

Congo Heart of Africa

CHA Johannesburg South Africa N

Congrégation de la Sainte Famille de Bergame

1868 Rome RM Italy R

Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples

CEP 1622 Rome RM Italy E

Congrégation Notre-Dame Chanoinesses de Saint-Augustin

1597 R

Congregation of Sisters of St Felix of Cantalice

Felician Sisters 1855 Rome RM Italy R

Congregation of the Apostolic Carmel

1868 Bangalore Karnataka India R

Congregation of the Immaculate Heart of Mary

Missionaries of Scheut 1862 Rome RM Italy R

Congregation of the Mission

Vincentians 1625 Rome RM Italy R

Congregation of the Resurrection of our Lord Jesus Christ

Resurrectionists 1836 Rome RM Italy R

Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary

1800 Rome RM Italy R

Congregation of the Sisters of Our Lady of Sorrows

1839 Shreveport LA USA R

Congrès Francophone Fragilité du Sujet Agé Le Vieillissement en Santé Prévention de la Perte d'Autonomie

2013 S c

Congress of Racial Equality

CORE 1942 New York NY USA G

Conrad N Hilton Foundation

CNHF 1944 Agoura Hills CA USA G f

Conseil européen de l'industrie chimique

CEFIC 1972 Brussels Belgium D y

Consejo de Fundaciones Americanas de Desarrollo

SOLIDARIOS 1972 Santo Domingo Dominican Rep D

Consejo Iberoamericano para la Productividad y la Competitividad

CIPYC 2015 Madrid Madrid Spain D

Consortium for Street Children

CSC 1993 London UK G y

Consortium of Christian Relief and Development Association

CCRDA 1973 Addis Ababa Ethiopia G y

Consultative Group to Assist the Poor

CGAP 1995 Washington DC USA E y

Consumer Co-operatives Worldwide

CCW 1969 Brussels Belgium E

Consumers for World Trade

CWT 1978 Washington DC USA G

Consumers International

CI 1960 London UK B y

Containers of Hope

1994 Romford UK N

Convention Abolishing the Legalization of Documents in the Member States of the European Communities

1987 T g

Convention Against Discrimination in Education

1960 Paris France T g

Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

1984 T g

Convention Benelux Concernant la Coopération Transfrontalière entre Collectivités ou Autorités Territoriales

1986 Brussels Belgium T g

Convention between the Member States of the European Communities on Double Jeopardy

1987 T g

Convention Concerning Compulsory Widows' and Orphans' Insurance for Persons Employed in Agricultural Undertakings

1933 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Compulsory Widows' and Orphans' Insurance for Persons Employed in Industrial or Commercial Undertakings, in the Liberal Professions and for Outworkers and Domestic Servants

1933 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation

1958 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Equal Opportunities and Equal Treatment for Men and Women Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities

1981 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value

1951 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Equality of Treatment for National and Foreign Workers as Regards Workmen's Compensation for Accidents

1925 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Equality of Treatment of Nationals and Non-nationals in Social Security

1962 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries

1989 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Labour Inspectorates in Non-metropolitan Territories

1947 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Labour Standards in Non-metropolitan Territories

1947 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Migrations in Abusive Conditions and the Promotion of Equality of Opportunity and Treatment of Migrant Workers

1975 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Organizations of Rural Workers and Their Role in Economic and Social Development

1975 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Social Policy in Non-metropolitan Territories

1947 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning the Exchange of Official Publications and Government Documents between States

1958 Paris France T g

Convention Concerning the Issue of Certain Extracts from Civil Status Records to be Sent Abroad

1956 T g

Convention Concerning the Powers of Authorities and the Law Applicable in Respect of the Protection of Infants

1961 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention Concerning the Protection and Integration of Indigenous and other Tribal and Semi-tribal Populations in Independent Countries

1957 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning the Rights of Association and Combination of Agricultural Workers

1921 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention Establishing the Status of Naturalized Citizens Who Again Take up Their Residence in the Country of Their Origin

1906 T g

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