Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III


1972 Dhaka Bangladesh F

Bread for the World - Protestant Development Service

1959 Berlin Germany G Human Rights Organizations

Bread for the World Institute

BFW Institute 1975 Washington DC USA G j Institutes


1995 Walmer UK G


New York NY USA N Human Rights Organizations

Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association

BORDA 1977 Bremen Germany G

Brethren Volunteer Service

BVS 1948 Elgin IL USA F Humanitarian Organizations

Bright Future International

BFI Northbrook IL USA G

British Institute of Human Rights

BIHR 1970 London UK G j Institutes, Human Rights Organizations

British Overseas Aid Group

BOAG 1980 Oxford UK G y Humanitarian Organizations, International Federations

British Overseas NGO's for Development

BOND 1993 London UK G y International Federations

Brooks World Poverty Institute

BWPI 2005 Manchester UK N j Institutes

Brother's Brother Foundation

1958 Pittsburgh PA USA G f Humanitarian Organizations, Foundations

Brotherhood of Dragons

BOD 2009 Vienna Austria G

Brothers of Charity

1807 Rome Italy R Religious Orders

Brothers of Our Lady, Mother of Mercy

1844 Tilburg Netherlands R Religious Orders

Brothers of the Christian Schools

Christian Brothers 1684 Rome Italy R Religious Orders

Bruderhof Communities

1953 Rifton NY USA R Religious Orders

Bruges Group

1989 London UK N

Bruno Kreisky Foundation for Outstanding Achievements in the Area of Human Rights

1976 Vienna Austria G f Human Rights Organizations, Foundations

Buddhist Tzu Chi Foundation

1966 San Dimas CA USA F f Humanitarian Organizations, Foundations

Building and Wood Workers' International

BWI 2005 Carouge Switzerland B Trade and Labour Unions, Human Rights Organizations

Burners Without Borders

BWB San Francisco CA USA G

Business and Human Rights Resource Centre

London UK G Human Rights Organizations


Copenhagen Denmark G f Funds, Foundations

Cairo Demographic Centre

CDC 1963 Cairo Egypt E g IGOs

Cairo Institute for Human Rights Studies

CIHRS 1993 Tunis Tunisia E j Institutes, Human Rights Organizations

CALALA - Fondo de Mujeres

Calala Barcelona Spain G Funds, Human Rights Organizations

Calmeadow Charitable Foundation

CCF 1983 Toronto ON Canada G f Foundations


1993 Canberra Australia G

Cambodia Action

1975 Doncaster UK G

CamFed International

1993 Cambridge UK G

Campaign for an Interamerican Convention on Sexual and Reproductive Rights

Lima Peru G Human Rights Organizations

Canada - Central America Four Free Trade Agreement

CA4TA J pg Treaties, Common Markets and Free Trade Zones, IGOs

Canadian Centre for International Studies and Cooperation

CECI 1958 Montréal QC Canada G Humanitarian Organizations

Canadian Council for International Co-operation

CCIC 1968 Ottawa ON Canada G Humanitarian Organizations

Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives

KAIROS 2001 Toronto ON Canada G

Canadian Lawyers for International Human Rights

CLAIHR 1992 Ottawa ON Canada G Human Rights Organizations

Canadian Physicians for Aid and Relief

CPAR 1984 Toronto ON Canada G Humanitarian Organizations

Canadian Resource Bank for Democracy and Human Rights

CANADEM 1997 Ottawa ON Canada G Human Rights Organizations

Canadian Tribute to Human Rights

CTHR 1983 Ottawa ON Canada N Human Rights Organizations

CaoDai Overseas

1926 Redlands CA USA N

Carbon Offsets To Alleviate Poverty

COTAP 2011 Oakland CA USA G

Care and Relief for the Young

CRY 1992 Southampton UK G

CARE International

1945 Brussels Belgium F f Humanitarian Organizations

Careth Foundation

Amherst MA USA G f Foundations

Caribbean - Central American Action

CCAA 1979 Washington DC USA G Humanitarian Organizations

Caribbean Aid for Trade and Regional Integration Trust Fund

CARTFund St Michael Barbados F fg Foundations, Funds, IGOs

Caribbean Business and Investment Support Network

CARIBISNET 2006 Christ Church Barbados F

Caribbean Court of Justice

CCJ 2001 Port-of-Spain Trinidad-Tobago F g IGOs