Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Australasian Performing Right Association

1926 St Leonards Australia G Human Rights Organizations

Australian Aid

1974 Barton Australia G g IGOs

Australian Council for International Development

ACFID 1965 Deakin Australia G y Humanitarian Organizations, International Federations

Australian Foundation for the Peoples of Asia and the Pacific

AFAP 1968 Crows Nest Australia G f Foundations

Austrian Human Rights Institute, Salzburg

1987 Salzburg Austria N j Institutes, Human Rights Organizations

Avenir pour l'Enfant des Rizières

AER 1979 Paris France G Humanitarian Organizations


1961 Fitzroy Australia G

Aviornis International

1973 Herentals Belgium F

Avoided Deforestation Partners

AD Partners 2007 Washington DC USA G

AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center

1971 Tainan Taiwan E g IGOs

AVSI Foundation

1972 Milan Italy G f Foundations

Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime

Bali Process 2002 Bangkok Thailand E g IGOs

Balkan Assist

2000 Sofia Bulgaria G

Balkan Civil Society Development Network

BCSDN 2003 Skopje North Macedonia F

Balkanactie van de Gemeenten

1992 Antwerp Belgium G Humanitarian Organizations

Baltic Free Trade Agreement

BAFTA 1993 T g Treaties, Common Markets and Free Trade Zones, IGOs

Baltic Management Foundation

BMF 1992 Kaunas Lithuania F f Foundations

Baltic Network against Life-Threatening Viral Infections

Baltic Antiviral Network 2013 Stockholm Sweden F

Baltic Sea States Subregional Cooperation

BSSSC 1993 Helsinki Finland D g IGOs


Norrtälje Sweden G


1987 Gelnhausen Germany G

Banana Link

1996 Norwich UK G

Band Aid Charitable Trust

1985 London UK G Humanitarian Organizations

Bank of Medical Equipment for Humanitarian Aid

Les Houches France G Humanitarian Organizations

Bank of the Central African States

1972 Yaoundé Cameroon F g Banks, IGOs

Banking With the Poor Network

BWTP Network Brisbane Australia F

Baptist World Aid

BWAid 1920 Falls Church VA USA F Humanitarian Organizations

Baptist World Aid Australia

1959 North Ryde Australia G Humanitarian Organizations

BarefootLawyers International

1998 Berkeley CA USA G

BATIK International

1998 Paris France G

Belgian Committee for Refugee Aid

1968 Brussels Belgium G Humanitarian Organizations

Benedictine Sisters of the Federation of Saint Benedict

1947 St Joseph MN USA R Religious Orders

Benelux conventie inzake grensoverschrijdende samenwerking tussen territoriale samenwerkingsverbanden of autoriteiten

1986 Brussels Belgium T g Treaties, IGOs

Benelux Court of Justice

1974 Brussels Belgium F g IGOs

BERAS International Foundation

2015 Järna Sweden F f Foundations

Bertelsmann Foundation

1977 Gütersloh Germany G f Foundations

Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation

BRPF 1963 Nottingham UK F f Human Rights Organizations, Foundations

Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation

BJHRF London UK N f Foundations, Human Rights Organizations

Biosciences Research Support Foundation

BRSF 2014 Awka Nigeria G fv Foundations

Biovision Africa Trust

BvAT 2009 Nairobi Kenya G

Black Sea Economic Cooperation Free Trade Area

BSEC Free Trade Area 1997 J gp Common Markets and Free Trade Zones, Intergovernmental Communities, IGOs

Blessing of Africa Empowerment Foundation

BOA Lagos Nigeria G f Foundations

Blessings International

BI 1981 Tulsa OK USA G


Bluefields Nicaragua N

BMS World Mission

Didcot UK G

Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas

2004 La Paz Bolivia E g IGOs

Book Aid

1987 London UK G Humanitarian Organizations

Book Aid International

1954 London UK G Humanitarian Organizations

Books Abroad

1982 Huntly UK G


Berlin Germany G Human Rights Organizations