Benelux Court of Justice

Cour de justice Benelux

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1 Jan 1974, on entry into force of a treaty signed 31 Mar 1965. Commenced operations 11 May 1974, Brussels (Belgium). Closely related to, although not formally an institution of, Benelux Union, and based at the Union's Secretariat General. Treaty modified by the Protocols of 10 June 1981 and 23 Nov 1984. Statutes registered in 'UNTS/1 13176'.


Ensure uniformity in applying and interpreting specifically designed juridical rules common to countries of the Benelux Economic Union; settle disputes in administration of Benelux affairs.

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Functions: (i) 'Direct jurisdiction' - if, in trying a case, a national court is unable to rule on an aspect of Benelux law, that court has the option, or in some cases the obligation, to refer the matter to the Benelux Court of Justice, whose ruling is binding on the national court. (ii) 'Consultative function' - each of the three governments may consult the Court on the interpretation of a common legal provision. (iii) 'Jurisdiction on disputes involving officials' of the Benelux Economic Union (Brussels) and of Benelux Trademarks Office (BBM) (The Hague) - if a Benelux official feels that he or she has been unfairly treated by his or her employer, the official in question may appeal to the Benelux Court, once an advisory committee of national civil servants and Benelux officials has delivered its opinion.


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Dutch, French.


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Members in 3 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Law
    • Judiciary
    • Tribunals, Courts
  • Peace
    • Justice

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

24. Aug 2011
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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