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The judiciary is the system of courts that adjudicates legal disputes/disagreements and interprets, defends, and applies the law in legal cases.

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Organizations relating to Judiciary

Magistrats européens pour la démocratie et les libertés / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1985
African Jurists' Association / Dakar, Senegal / Est. 1979
European Judges and Prosecutors Association / Est. 2004
Conference of Constitutional Jurisdictions of Africa / Algiers, Algeria / Est. 2011
World Association of Judges / Est. 1966
Southern African Judges Commission / Braamfontein, South Africa / Est. 2003
Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences / Vatican City, Vatican / Est. 1994
Southeast European Prosecutors Advisory Group / Bucharest, Romania / Est. 2003
Federación Latinoamericana de Magistrados / Lima, Peru / Est. 1977
Red Latinoamericana de Jueces / Belo Horizonte, Brazil / Est. 2006
European Judicial Network in Civil and Commercial Matters / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
European Union Forum of Judges for the Environment / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2004
World Peace Posse / Toronto ON, Canada
International Foundation for the Rule of Law and the Independence of Lawyers and Judges / Rome, Italy
European Expertise and Expert Institute / Levallois-Perret, France
World Federation of International Juridical Institutions / Est. 1948
Judicial Tribunal of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1978
Inter-American Juridical Committee / Rio de Janeiro, Brazil / Est. 1939
Internationaal Juridisch Instituut / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1918
Colloque judiciaire
Convention Concerning Courts Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgements in Civil and Commercial Matters / Est. 1968
Protocol Concerning the Adhesion of States Not Represented at the Third Conference on Private International Law to the Convention of June 12 1902, Relating to the Settlement of the Conflicts of Laws and Jurisdictions as Regards Divorce and Separation / Est. 1923
Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Recognition of Decrees Relating to Adoptions / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1965
Convention Relating to the Settlement of the Conflict of Laws and Jurisdictions as Regards to Divorce and Separation / Est. 1902
International Convention on Certain Rules Concerning Civil Jurisdiction in Matters of Collision / Est. 1952
Inter-American Convention on Personality and Capacity of Juridical Persons in Private International Law / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1984
Protocol Embodying a Declaration Concerning the Juridical Personality of Foreign Companies / Est. 1936
Convention Respecting Conditions of Residence and Business and Jurisdiction / Est. 1923
Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Cooperation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1996
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Penal Jurisdiction in Matters of Collision or other Incidents of Navigation / Est. 1952
Convention sur la compétence du for contractuel en cas de vente à caractère international d'objets mobiliers corporels / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1958
Convention on Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgements in Civil and Commercial Matters / Est. 1988
Declaration on the Juridical Personality of Foreign Companies / Est. 1936
Agreement Relating to Writs and Letters of Request / Est. 1952
Convention on the Service Abroad of Judicial and Extrajudicial Documents in Civil or Commercial Matters / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1965
Inter-American Convention on Jurisdiction in the International Sphere for the Extraterritorial Validity of Foreign Judgments / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1984
General Act of Conciliation, Arbitration and Judicial Settlement / Est. 1929
Agreement on the Judicial Acts of Aliens / Est. 1911
Espace judiciaire européen
Centre international pour les magistrats 'L Severini' / Est. 1954
Committee of African Magistrates
Commonwealth Association of Human Rights Judges
Congrès juridique international des sociétés par actions et des sociétés coopératives
Groupe européen pour la coopération judiciaire
Comisión Latinoamericana de Acción Juridica
Convention on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters / Est. 2007
United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property / Est. 2004
Institut d'études juridiques européennes Fernand Dehousse / Liège, Belgium
Benelux Court of Justice / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1974
Commonwealth Judicial Education Institute / Halifax NS, Canada / Est. 1994

View all profiles (128 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Judiciary

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Political corruption of the judiciary
Inefficiencies of federalism among states
State sanctioned torture
Abuse of state immunity
Discrimination against juveniles in judicial proceedings due to protective legislation
Prohibitive cost of linguistic interpretation in legal proceedings
Racial disparities in criminal convictions
Unethical practices in the legal system
Extrajudicial courts and tribunals
Lack of impartiality of the judiciary
Jurisdictional conflict and antagonism among the specialized agencies of the United Nations

Action Strategies relating to Judiciary

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Globalizing judicial process
Settling international disputes
Enabling procedural alternatives in judicial process
Exchanging views among jurisdictions
Providing sufficient United Nations jurisdiction in administered territories
Abstaining from United Nations jurisdiction in administered territories
Reformulating basis for judicial deliberation
Improving training of judges
Improving international judicial system
Dismissing grounds for judicial appeal
Relying on incompetent judges
Predicting judicial decisions
Exposing reductionism of judicial procedures
Correcting misconduct of magistrates
Ensuring independence of the judiciary
Concretizing context of judicial decision-making
Issuing effective judicial remedy
Respecting jurisdictions
Ensuring competent judges
Disobeying judicial orders
Tightening judicial systems
Upholding judicial power
Determining content of appeal procedures
Coping with unpredictability of judicial decisions
Changing judicial guidelines

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