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Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek word βοτάνη (botanē) meaning "pasture", "herbs" "grass", or "fodder"; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν, "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress. Nowadays, botanists study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants, and approximately 20,000 are bryophytes.

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Organizations relating to Botany

International Association of Wood Anatomists / Beijing, China / Est. 1931
International Association of Bryologists / Chicago IL, USA / Est. 1969
International Dendrology Society / Kington, UK / Est. 1952
International Federation of Palynological Societies / Keyworth, UK / Est. 1966
International Society of Photosynthesis Research / Dunedin, New Zealand / Est. 1968
Nordic Lichen Society / Tartu, Estonia / Est. 1975
Phytochemical Society of Asia / Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / Est. 2007
Asian Pacific Phycological Association / Est. 1993
Organization for the Phyto-Taxonomic Investigation of the Mediterranean Area / Palermo, Italy / Est. 1974
Scandinavian Association of Pollination Ecology / Aarhus, Denmark
Association des palynologues de langue française / Paris, France / Est. 1967
European Mobile Seed Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1983
European Seed Certification Agencies Association / Paris, France
SEEDS Asia / Kobe, Japan / Est. 2006
International Lilac Society / Chaska MN, USA / Est. 1971
SEED Institute / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 1989
Nordisk Arboretudvalg / Elimäki, Finland / Est. 1972
International Organization of Palaeobotany / Dresden, Germany / Est. 1954
SEED / Nairobi, Kenya / Est. 2002
Inter-African Phytosanitary Council / Yaoundé, Cameroon / Est. 1954
International Botanical Congress / Est. 1900
People and Plants International / Bristol VT, USA / Est. 1992
Group of European Charophytologists / Ohrid, North Macedonia / Est. 1987
International Research Group on Charophytes / Est. 1989
International Association of Botanic Gardens / Guangzhou, China / Est. 1954
Mediterranean Phytopathological Union / Florence, Italy / Est. 1962
Comité Regional de Sanidad Vegetal del Cono Sur / Lima, Peru / Est. 1991
International Herbage Seed Group / Slagelse, Denmark / Est. 1978
Seeds of Peace / New York NY, USA / Est. 1993
International Society of Environmental Botanists / Lucknow, India / Est. 1994
Asociación de Palinólogos de Lengua Española / Salamanca, Spain / Est. 1978
Society for Economic Botany / Marrakech, Morocco / Est. 1959
Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation / Portland OR, USA / Est. 1971
Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute / Thiruvananthapuram, India / Est. 1979
Seed Global Health / Boston MA, USA
Seeds of Africa / New York NY, USA / Est. 2008
Association des botanistes de l'Afrique de l'ouest / Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
International Federation of Phytosociology / Est. 1982
International Association of Botanists / Est. 1901
International Council of Botanic Medicine / Est. 1938
Commission internationale des cartes botaniques / Est. 1889
International Association of Seed Crushers / Est. 1910
African Mycological Association / Pretoria, South Africa / Est. 1995
European Phycological Society / Est. 1996
Latin American Ethnobotanical Group / Mexico City, Mexico
Nordiska Skogbrukets Frö och Planträd
International Society of Seed Technologists / Tangent OR, USA / Est. 1997
Comité international de la pellicule cellulosique / Est. 1964
International Center for Ethnobotanical Education Research and Service / Barcelona, Spain
Aril Society International / Carlton TX, USA / Est. 1956

View all profiles (144 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Botany

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Monopolization of agricultural genetic resources
Inadequate plant quarantine
Threatened cool temperate wet forest habitats
Biological air pollutants
Eichornia crassipes
Threatened species of Mycophycophyta
Threatened species of Presbytis thomasi
Threatened species of Trachypithecus cristatus
Chemical contamination of seeds
Infestation of seeds

Action Strategies relating to Botany

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Making effective use of medicinal plants
Maintaining database on plants
Promoting horticultural study
Conserving vulnerable vegetable germplasm
Exploring hybrid seed varieties
Studying pathogenic fungi
Expanding research on plants
Establishing international phytosanitary standards
Coordinating seed quality development
Decriminalizing coca leaf production
Studying palaeobotany
Searching for plants with medical properties
Researching fungi
Exchanging seeds
Developing botanic gardens
Reporting malpractice in botany
Testing seeds
Developing personal contacts among botanists
Disseminating phycological information
Securing initial capital investment
Purchasing seeds
Understanding seed money concept
Communicating photosynthesis research
Locating wild grown seeds
Producing leaf concentrate

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