Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

Goal 14 is about conserving and sustainably using the oceans, seas and marine resources. Healthy oceans and seas are essential to human existence and life on Earth.

The Ocean is intrinsic to our life on earth. Covering three-quarters of the Earth’s surface, contain 97 percent of the Earth’s water, and represent 99 percent of the living space on the planet by volume.

They provide key natural resources including food, medicines, biofuels and other products; help with the breakdown and removal of waste and pollution; and their coastal ecosystems act as buffers to reduce damage from storms. They also act as the planet’s greatest carbon sink.

Worryingly, marine pollution is reaching extreme levels, with over 17 million metric tons clogging the ocean in 2021, a figure set to double or triple by 2040. Plastic is the most harmful type of ocean pollution.

Currently, the ocean’s average pH is 8.1 which is about 30 per cent more acidic than in pre- industrial times. Ocean acidification threatens the survival of marine life, disrupts the food web, and undermines vital services provided by the ocean and our own food security.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. This includes increasing funding for ocean science, intensifying conservation efforts, and urgently turning the tide on climate change to safeguard the planet’s largest ecosystem. Current efforts to protect are not yet meeting the urgent need to safeguard this vast, yet fragile, resource.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

COPUOS 1959 Vienna Austria E g

Common Ground Research Networks

1984 Champaign IL USA F

Common Seas

Totnes UK G

Common Sense Environmental Fund


Common Wadden Sea Secretariat

CWSS 1987 Wilhelmshaven Germany E g

Commonland Foundation

Amsterdam Netherlands G f


1975 Bolinas CA USA G

Commonwealth Environmental Journalists Association

CEJA 1998 D

Community Based Impact Assessment Network for Eastern Africa

CIANEA Kampala Uganda D

Compton Foundation

1946 Redwood City CA USA G f

Confederación Atlética del Istmo Centroamericano

CADICA Tegucigalpa Honduras D

Confédération des associations des artisans glaciers de la Communauté européenne

ARTGLACE 1989 Longarone Italy E

Confédération des ONG d'environnement et de développement de l'Afrique centrale

CONGAC 1992 Douala Cameroon D

Confédération européenne des associations d'ingénieurs agronomes

CEDIA 1987 E

Confederation of European Environmental Engineering Societies

CEEES Montigny-le-Bretonneux France D

Confederazione Boccistica Internazionale

CBI 1983 Ankara Türkiye C

Conférence des ministres chargés de l'environnement des pays ayant en commun l'usage du français

Neuilly-sur-Seine France S cg

Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations

CONGO 1948 Geneva Switzerland E y

Conference on Lasers in the Conservation of Artworks

LACONA 1995 S c

Congo Basin Forest Partnership

CBFP 2002 F gy

Conseil européen de l'industrie chimique

CEFIC 1972 Brussels Belgium D yt

Consejo del Istmo Centroamericano de Deportes y Recreación

CODICADER 1992 Panama Panama E g

Conservation Finance Alliance


Conservation Force

Metairie LA USA F

Conservation International

CI 1987 Arlington VA USA G

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna

CAFF 1991 Akureyri Iceland E gy

Conservation Through Public Health

CTPH Entebbe Uganda J

Conservation, Food and Health Foundation

1985 Boston MA USA G f

Conservation, Research and Education Opportunities International


Consortium for International Maritime Heritage


Consortium for Oceanographic Research and Education

CORE 1994 Washington DC USA N

Consortium for the Barcode of Life

CBOL 2004 Washington DC USA F y

Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities

CETAF 1996 Brussels Belgium F

Consortium of Non-Traditional Security Studies in Asia

NTS-Asia 2007 Singapore Singapore F y

Consultative Meeting of Contracting Parties to the London Convention/Meeting of Contracting Parties to the London Protocol

1975 London UK F g

Controlled Environment Building Association

CEBA 1978 Arlington VA USA D

Convenio Centroamericano para la Protección del Medio Ambiente

1989 T g

Convention Concerning Accommodation on Board Fishing Vessels

1966 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Fishermen's Articles of Agreement

1959 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Fishermen's Certificates of Competency

1966 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning Fishing in the Black Sea

1959 T g

Convention Concerning Fishing in the Waters of the Danube

1958 T g

Convention Concerning Navigation on Lake Constance

1973 T g

Convention Concerning Seafarers' Welfare at Sea and in Port

1987 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning the Compulsory Medical Examination of Children and Young Persons Employed at Sea

1921 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning the Medical Examination of Fishermen

1959 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Concerning the Minimum Age for Admission to Employment as Fishermen

1959 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for Admission of Children to Employment at Sea, 1920

1920 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for the Admission of Children to Employment at Sea, 1936

1936 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region

Abidjan convention 1981 Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire T g