Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Gdansk convention 1973 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in North-East Atlantic Fisheries, 1980

1980 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Future Multilateral Cooperation in the Northwest Atlantic Fisheries, 1978

NAFO 1978 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CITES 1973 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation in the Western Hemisphere

1940 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Protection of the Environment through Criminal Law

1998 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conduct of Fishing Operations in the North Atlantic

1967 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South-East Atlantic Ocean

2001 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean

2009 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean

Pacific tuna convention 2000 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock in the Central Bering Sea

1994 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCAMLR 1980 Hobart Australia T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats

Bern convention 1979 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

Bonn Convention 1979 Bonn Germany T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation of the Living Resources of the Southeast Atlantic

1969 Rome Italy T g FAO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Continental Shelf

1958 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the High Seas

1958 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea

COLREG 1972 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses

1997 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and other Matter

LDC 1972 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources

Paris Convention 1974 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques

ENMOD Convention 1976 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

2005 Paris France T g Treaties, UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

1992 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Protection of the Environment between Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

1974 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area

Helsinki Convention, 1974 1974 Helsinki Finland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992

Helsinki Convention, 1992 1992 Helsinki Finland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1999

Helsinki Convention, 1999 1999 Helsinki Finland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone

1958 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Transit Trade of Land-locked States

1965 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Regulating the Withdrawal of Water from Lake Constance

1966 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Relating to the Regime of the Straits

1923 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Relative à la Collecte, au Dépôt et à la Réception des Déchets Survenant en Navigation Rhenane et Intérieure

1996 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in Their Natural State

1933 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Respecting Measures for the Preservation and Protection Fur Seals in the North Pacific Ocean

1911 T g Treaties, IGOs

Cooperation Agreement for the Protection of North-East Atlantic Coasts and Waters Against Pollution

Lisbon Agreement 1990 T g Treaties, IGOs

Coordinating Body for the Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin

1984 Quito Ecuador F Human Rights Organizations

Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia

COBSEA 1981 Bangkok Thailand E g IGOs

Coral Guardian

2012 Limours France G

Coral Restoration Foundation

CRF Key Largo FL USA G f Foundations

Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security

CTI-CFF 2007 Manado Indonesia E g IGOs

Costas Grammenos Centre for Shipping, Trade and Finance, The

London UK G

Council for Environmentally Friendly Aviation

CEFA Lightwater UK E y International Federations

Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment

CAMRE Cairo Egypt E g IGOs

Cousteau Society

1973 Hampton VA USA G f

Cultural Survival

1972 Cambridge MA USA G Human Rights Organizations

Dacia Revival International Society

Long Island NY USA G

DAMOCLES Consortium

Paris France E y International Federations

Danish Centre for Gender, Equality and Diversity

Copenhagen Denmark G

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