Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III


1971 San Francisco CA USA G f Funds, Human Rights Organizations

Earthlife Africa

ELA 1988 Dalbridge South Africa G v


2006 Gland Switzerland G

Earthrace Conservation


EarthRights International

ERI 1994 Washington DC USA G Human Rights Organizations

Earthstewards Network

1980 Bainbridge Island WA USA G v


1976 Kailua HI USA G


1991 Washington DC USA G

Earthwatch Europe

1985 Oxford UK G

Earthwatch Institute

1972 Boston MA USA F j Institutes

East Asian Association of Environmental and Resource Economics

EAAERE 2010 Kyoto Japan D

East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network

EABRN 1995 Beijing China F

Eastern Africa Environmental Network

EAEN 1990 Nairobi Kenya F

Eastern Atlantic Hydrographic Commission

EAtHC 1984 Monaco Monaco K g IGOs

Eastern Caribbean Coalition for Environmental Awareness

ECCEA 1995 Fort de France Martinique F

Eastern Pacific Ocean Tuna Fishing Agreement

1983 T g Treaties, IGOs

ECATS International Association

2005 Brussels Belgium E

Echoing Green

1987 New York NY USA G

ECNC - European Centre for Nature Conservation

1993 Tilburg Netherlands E y International Federations

ECNC Group

2009 Tilburg Netherlands E y International Federations

ECO Platform

2013 Essen Germany J

ECOBALTIC Foundation, Gdansk

1988 Gdansk Poland G f Foundations


2009 Lima Peru G

EcoHealth Alliance

1971 New York NY USA G fv Foundations


Escondido CA USA G f Foundations

EcoLogic Development Fund

1993 Cambridge MA USA G f Funds, Funds

Ecologic Institut

1995 Berlin Germany F j Institutes

Ecological Defense Group


Ecologists Linked for Organizing Grassroots Initiatives and Action

ECOLOGIA 1989 Middlebury VT USA G

Ecologists Without Borders



2012 Doha Qatar F

EcoNews Africa

ENA 1992 Nairobi Kenya G

Economic and Statistical Observatory for Sub-Saharan Africa

AFRISTAT 1993 Bamako Mali F g IGOs

Economy and Environment Programme for Southeast Asia

EEPSEA 1993 Los Baños Philippines E

Ecopolitics Association of Australasia

1995 Magill Australia N


Chesapeake VA USA F UNESCO Bodies

Éducation et Diversité Linguistique et Culturelle

EDiLiC 2010 J

EECONET Action Fund

EAF 1995 Leiden Netherlands F f Funds, Funds


Menlo Park South Africa D

ELC International

ELCI 1975 Nairobi Kenya F y International Federations

ELIX - Conservation Volunteers Greece

ELIX-CVG 1987 Athens Greece G

Emerald Network

1989 Strasbourg France K gy International Federations, IGOs

Emergency, Prevention, Preparedness and Response

EPPR 1991 Tromsí Norway E gy International Federations, IGOs

Encyclopedia of Life

EOL 2007 Washington DC USA E

End-of-Life Research Group

Brussels Belgium G

Endangered Species International

ESI 2006 San Francisco CA USA F

Endangered Wildlife Trust

EWT 1973 Johannesburg South Africa G

Ends of the Earth Mission

EOTEM 1995 Beeville TX USA N

Energy and Environment Group

New York NY USA K g IGOs

Energy Charter Protocol on Energy Efficiency and Related Environmental Effects

1994 T g Treaties, IGOs