Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources

Paris Convention 1974 T g

Convention on the Prohibition of Military or Any other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques

ENMOD Convention 1976 T g

Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

2005 Paris France T g

Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

1992 T g

Convention on the Protection of the Environment between Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

1974 T g

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area

Helsinki Convention, 1974 1974 Helsinki Finland T g

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992

Helsinki Convention, 1992 1992 Helsinki Finland T g

Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1999

Helsinki Convention, 1999 1999 Helsinki Finland T g

Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone

1958 T g

Convention on Transit Trade of Land-locked States

1965 T g

Convention Regulating the Withdrawal of Water from Lake Constance

1966 T g

Convention Relating to the Regime of the Straits

1923 T g

Convention Relative à la Collecte, au Dépôt et à la Réception des Déchets Survenant en Navigation Rhenane et Intérieure

1996 T g

Convention Relative to the Preservation of Fauna and Flora in Their Natural State

1933 T g

Convention Respecting Measures for the Preservation and Protection Fur Seals in the North Pacific Ocean

1911 T g

Cooperation Agreement for the Protection of North-East Atlantic Coasts and Waters Against Pollution

Lisbon Agreement 1990 T g

Cooperation and Development Network Eastern Europe

CDN 2002 Belgrade Serbia F

Coordinating Body for the Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin

1984 Quito Ecuador F

Coordinating Body on the Seas of East Asia

COBSEA 1981 Bangkok Thailand E g

Coral Guardian

2012 Paris France G

Coral Restoration Foundation

CRF Key Largo FL USA G f

Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security

CTI-CFF 2007 Manado Indonesia E g

Costas Grammenos Centre for Shipping, Trade and Finance, The

London UK G

Council for Environmentally Friendly Aviation

CEFA Lightwater UK E y

Council of Arab Ministers Responsible for the Environment

CAMRE Cairo Egypt E g

Council of Regional Organisations of the Pacific

CROP 1988 Suva Fiji E gy

Cousteau Society

1973 Hampton VA USA G f

Crime Stoppers International

CSI 1976 Amersfoort Netherlands F

Cultural Survival

1972 Cambridge MA USA G

Dacia Revival International Society

Long Island NY USA G

DAMOCLES Consortium

Paris France E y

Danish Centre for Gender, Equality and Diversity

Copenhagen Denmark G

Danish International Investment Funds

Copenhagen Denmark G fg

Darwin Initiative

1992 London UK G

David and Lucile Packard Foundation

1964 Los Altos CA USA G f

David Shepherd Wildlife Foundation

Guildford UK G f

Declaration Recognising the Right to a Flag of States Having no Sea-coast

1921 T g

Deep Ocean Water Applications Society

DOWAS 1997 Saga Japan J

Deep Sea Conservation Coalition

DSCC 2004 Amsterdam Netherlands F y

Defend International

DI 2007 Kolbotn Norway F

Defensores do Planeta

1999 Rio de Janeiro Brazil G

Digital Green

2008 Delhi India G

DIVERSITAS in Western Pacific and Asia

DIWPA Network 1993 Otsu Japan E v

Diversity, Early Childhood Education and Training

DECET Brussels Belgium F

DMZ Forum

1997 East Meadow NY USA G

Documentation and Conservation of the Modern Movement

DOCOMOMO International 1988 Lisbon Portugal F

Dolphinaria-Free Europe

DFE F y

Drilling, Observation and Sampling of the Earth's Continental Crust

DOSECC Salt Lake City UT USA G

Dunamenti Àllatfajtak Génmergórzó Nemzetközi Egyesülete

DAGENE Budapest Hungary D

Durrell Wildlife Conservation Trust

1963 Trinity UK G f

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