Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

EarthRights International

ERI 1994 Washington DC USA G

Earthstewards Network

1980 Bainbridge Island WA USA G v


1976 Kailua HI USA G


1991 Washington DC USA G

Earthwatch Europe

1985 Oxford UK G

Earthwatch Institute

1972 Boston MA USA F j

East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network

EABRN 1995 Beijing China F

Eastern Africa Environmental Network

EAEN 1990 Nairobi Kenya F

Eastern Atlantic Hydrographic Commission

EAtHC 1984 Monte Carlo Monaco K g

Eastern Caribbean Alliance for Diversity and Equality

ECADE 2015 Castries St Lucia D

Eastern Caribbean Coalition for Environmental Awareness

ECCEA 1995 Fort de France Martinique F

Eastern Pacific Ocean Tuna Fishing Agreement

1983 T g

ECATS International Association

2005 Brussels Belgium E

Echoing Green

1987 New York NY USA G

ECNC - European Centre for Nature Conservation

1993 Tilburg Netherlands E y

ECO Platform

2013 Essen Germany F

ECOBALTIC Foundation, Gdansk

1988 Gdansk Poland G f


2009 Lima Peru G

EcoHealth Alliance

1971 New York NY USA G fv

Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient, Paris

EFEO 1900 Paris France N jv


Escondido CA USA G f

EcoLogic Development Fund

1993 Cambridge MA USA G f

Ecologic Institut

1995 Berlin Germany F j

Ecological Defense Group


Ecologists Linked for Organizing Grassroots Initiatives and Action

ECOLOGIA 1989 Middlebury VT USA G

Ecologists Without Borders


EcoMed 21

Paris France J


2012 Doha Qatar F

EcoNews Africa

ENA 1992 Nairobi Kenya G

Economic and Statistical Observatory for Sub-Saharan Africa

AFRISTAT 1993 Bamako Mali F g

Economy and Environment Programme for Southeast Asia

EEPSEA 1993 Los Baños Philippines E

Economy for the Common Good

ECG Hamburg Germany C

Ecopolitics Association of Australasia

1995 Magill SA Australia N - European Sustainable Business Federation

2016 Brussels Belgium D


Chesapeake VA USA F

Éducation et Diversité Linguistique et Culturelle


Edward Lamb Foundation

Perrysburg OH USA N f

EECONET Action Fund

EAF 1995 Leiden Netherlands F f

EGI Foundation 2010 Amsterdam Netherlands F fy


Midrand South Africa D

ELIX - Conservation Volunteers Greece

ELIX-CVG 1987 Athens Greece G

Emerald Network

1989 Strasbourg France K gy

Emergency, Prevention, Preparedness and Response

EPPR 1991 Tromsø Norway E gy

Encyclopedia of Life

EOL 2007 Washington DC USA E

End-of-Life Research Group

Brussels Belgium G

Endangered Species International

ESI 2006 San Francisco CA USA F

Endangered Wildlife Trust

EWT 1973 Johannesburg South Africa G

Ends of the Earth Mission

EOTEM 1995 Beeville TX USA N

Energy and Environment Group

New York NY USA K g

Energy Charter Protocol on Energy Efficiency and Related Environmental Effects

1994 T g