Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean Water & Sanitation

Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in and there is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. However, due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, millions of people including children die every year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.

Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. At the current time, more than 2 billion people are living with the risk of reduced access to freshwater resources and by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Drought in specific afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Fortunately, there has been great progress made in the past decade regarding drinking sources and sanitation, whereby over 90% of the world’s population now has access to improved sources of drinking water.

To improve sanitation and access to drinking water, there needs to be increased investment in management of freshwater ecosystems and sanitation facilities on a local level in several developing countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia and South-Eastern Asia.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

International Conference on Marine Waste Water Discharges and Coastal Environment

S c

International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant


International Conference on Water Jetting

1972 Bedford UK S c

International Conferences on Waste Minimization and Clean Technology

Los Angeles CA USA S c

International Congress on Catalysis and Automotive Pollution Control


International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments

BWM 2004 2004 London UK T g

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

MARPOL 1973 London UK T g

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships as Modified by the Protocol of 1978

1978 London UK T g

International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil

OILPOL 1954 T g

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage

BUNKERS 2001 London UK T g

International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage

CLC 1969 London UK T g

International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea

HNS 1996 London UK T g

International Convention on Oil Pollution Preparedness Response and Cooperation

OPRC 1990 London UK T g

International Convention on Salvage

1989 London UK T g

International Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-fouling Systems on Ships

2001 London UK T g

International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties


International Cooperative Programme on Integrated Monitoring of Air Pollution Effects on Ecosystems

ICP-IM Helsinki Finland E

International Council of Bottled Water Associations

ICBWA Markham ON Canada C y

International Council of Women

ICW 1888 Seoul Korea Rep B

International Council on Large Electric Systems

1921 Paris France C

International Council on Materials Education

ICME 1979 Denton TX USA F v

International Council on Mining and Metals

ICMM 2001 London UK B y

International Council on Surgical Plume

ICSP Clarence NY USA N

International Crisis Aid

ICA 2000 St Louis MO USA G

International Dark-Sky Association

IDA 1988 Tucson AZ USA G v

International Data Centre on Hydrology of Lakes and Reservoirs

HYDROLARE 2009 St Petersburg Russia E g

International Desalination Association

IDA 1984 Topsfield MA USA C

International Economic Association Interatomenergo

IEA Interatomenergo 1973 Moscow Russia D eg

International Electrotechnical Commission

IEC 1906 Geneva Switzerland C

International Emergency Management Organization

IEMO 2006 Nouakchott Mauritania C g

International Emissions Trading Association

IETA 1999 Geneva Switzerland D

International Environmental Specimen Bank Group

IESB Dessau-Rosslau Germany C

International Environmental Technology Centre

IETC 1992 Osaka Japan E g

International Eurasia-Press Fund

IEPF 1992 Baku Azerbaijan F f

International Federation of Angling in Fresh Waters

1972 Rome Italy K

International Federation of Dental Hygienists

IFDH 1973 Rockville MD USA D

International Federation of Private Water Operators

AquaFed 2005 Paris France C

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

1919 Geneva Switzerland B

International Forum on Sustainable Value Chains

ISVC 2013 Horgen Switzerland F

International Foundation for the Protection of Drinking Water

1983 Auckland New Zealand G f

International Fund for Agricultural Development

IFAD Rome Italy F fg

International Gas Union

IGU 1931 Barcelona Spain C y

International Generator Technical Community


International Grid Trust Federation


International Ground Water Modelling Center

IGWMC 1978 Golden CO USA G

International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre

IGRAC Delft Netherlands E

International Group of Research Reactors

IGORR 1989 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance France E

International HCH and Pesticides Association

IHPA 1998 Holte Denmark D

International Health Cooperative Organization

IHCO 1996 Barcelona Spain E

International Hydrographic Organization

IHO 1919 Monte Carlo Monaco B g