Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 6: Ensure access to water and sanitation for all

Clean Water & Sanitation


Clean, accessible water for all is an essential part of the world we want to live in and there is sufficient fresh water on the planet to achieve this. However, due to bad economics or poor infrastructure, millions of people including children die every year from diseases associated with inadequate water supply, sanitation and hygiene.

Water scarcity, poor water quality and inadequate sanitation negatively impact food security, livelihood choices and educational opportunities for poor families across the world. At the current time, more than 2 billion people are living with the risk of reduced access to freshwater resources and by 2050, at least one in four people is likely to live in a country affected by chronic or recurring shortages of fresh water. Drought in specific afflicts some of the world’s poorest countries, worsening hunger and malnutrition. Fortunately, there has been great progress made in the past decade regarding drinking sources and sanitation, whereby over 90% of the world’s population now has access to improved sources of drinking water.

To improve sanitation and access to drinking water, there needs to be increased investment in management of freshwater ecosystems and sanitation facilities on a local level in several developing countries within Sub-Saharan Africa, Central Asia, Southern Asia, Eastern Asia and South-Eastern Asia.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

PRIME ALLIANCE

2009 Brussels Belgium J

Project Group for Technical Development Cooperation

1977 Ghent Belgium G

Project WET Foundation

1984 Bozeman MT USA G f Foundations

Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment

PAME 1993 Akureyri Iceland E g IGOs

Protocol Additional to the Convention for the Protection of the Rhine from Pollution by Chlorides

1991 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Amending the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

1983 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Amending the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources, Kuwait

1990 Safat Kuwait T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Amending the Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-based Sources, Paris

1986 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Marine Pollution in Cases of Emergency in the Eastern African Region

1985 Mahé Seychelles T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Oil Spills in the Wider Caribbean Region

1983 Kingston Jamaica T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution Emergencies in the South Pacific Region

1986 Apia Samoa T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution in Cases of Emergency

1981 Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency

1976 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Cooperation in Preventing Pollution from Ships and, in Cases of Emergency, Combating Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea

2002 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Marine Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf

1989 Safat Kuwait T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities

1999 Kingston Jamaica T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Case of Emergency

1982 Jeddah Saudi Arabia T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency

1978 Safat Kuwait T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

1976 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the South Pacific Region by Dumping

1986 Apia Samoa T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-based Sources

LBS protocol 1980 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities

1996 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution Resulting from Exploration and Exploitation of the Continental Shelf and the Seabed and its Subsoil

1994 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Protection of the South East Pacific Against Radioactive Contamination

1989 Quito Ecuador T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol for the Protection of the Southeast Pacific Against Pollution from Land-based Sources

1983 Quito Ecuador T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 1973 to the International Convention Relating to Intervention of the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties

1973 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 1997 to Amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as Modified by the Protocol of 1978 Relating Thereto

MARPOL PROT 1997 1997 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol of 2010 to Amend the International Convention of Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea

HNS PROT 2010 2010 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Civil Liability and Compensation for Damage Caused by the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents on Transboundary Waters

2003 T g IGOs

Protocol on Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Black Sea Marine Environment by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Emergency Situations

1992 Istanbul Turkey T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Pollutant Release and Transfer Registers

Kiev protocol 2003 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Preparedness, Response and Cooperation to Pollution Incidents by Hazardous and Noxious Substances

OPRC-HNS 2000 2000 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution from Land-based Sources

1992 Istanbul Turkey T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on the Control of Marine Transboundary Movements and Disposal of Hazardous Wastes

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

1996 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on the Protection of the Black Sea Marine Environment Against Pollution by Dumping

1992 Istanbul Turkey T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol on Water and Health to the 1992 Convention on the Protection and Use of Transboundary Watercourses and International Lakes

1999 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Marine Pollution by Substances other Than Oil

INTERVENTION PROT 1973 1973 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to Amend the 1910 Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Assistance and Salvage at Sea

1967 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to Amend the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1984

1984 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to Prolong the International Sanitary Convention for Aerial Navigation

1946 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to Prolong the International Sanitary Convention, 1944

1946 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Emissions of Volatile Organic Compounds on Their Transboundary Fluxes

1991 VOC protocol 1991 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution Concerning the Control of Nitrogen Oxides Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes

1988 NOx protocol 1988 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Further Reduction of Sulphur Emissions

1994 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Long-term Financing of the Cooperative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-range Transmission of Air-pollutants in Europe

1984 EMEP protocol 1984 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the 1979 Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution on the Reduction of Sulphur Emissions or Their Transboundary Fluxes by at Least 30 per Cent

1985 Sulphur protocol 1985 T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Convention on Long Range Transboundary Air Pollution on Persistent Organic Pollutants

POP protocol 1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution on Heavy Metals

1998 T g Treaties, IGOs

Protocol to the International Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage, 1976

1976 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

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