Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC)

Conférence de coordination au développement de l'Afrique australe

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1 Apr 1980, Lusaka (Zambia), when the Heads of Government of 9 majority-ruled States in Southern Africa signed the Lusaka Declaration with the title Southern Africa: Toward Economic Liberation, following conference in July 1979, Arusha (Tanzania UR). Memorandum of Understanding of the Institutions of the SADCC signed 20 July 1981, Salisbury (now Harare). Namibia joined on 1 Apr 1990. Meeting of Council of Ministers, Jan 1992, Maputo (Mozambique), endorsed a plan to transform the Conference into an economic community with common policies in areas such as trade and exchange rates, and with a majority-ruled South Africa as a full member. This new Southern African Development Community (SADC), officially set up 17 Aug 1992, replaces SADCC.


Reduce economic dependence, particularly, but not only, on the Republic of South Africa; forge links to create genuine and equitable regional integration; mobilize resources to promote implementation of national, interstate and regional policies; promote concerted action to secure international cooperation within the framework of a strategy for economic liberation.

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Programme of action allots specific tasks to member governments - Angola: regional energy planning; Botswana: foot-and-mouth disease control, crop production research; Malawi: fisheries and wildlife; Mozambique: regional commission for transport; Swaziland: manpower development and training; Tanzania UR: coordination strategy; Zambia: studies for a Southern Africa Development Fund. Set up, 1980, Maputo (Mozambique), Southern African Transport and Communications Commission (SATCC), a Sectoral Commission which coordinates the use of existing systems and the planning and financing of additional facilities. Programmes and studies in such fields as: regional trade, farming and animal husbandry, health, natural resources, hydrological basins, mining, energy, environment. Projects are implemented as finance becomes available. Regional scheme for self-sufficiency in food. Several projects are developing intra-regional physical infrastructure. Training and research facilities. Recognition is currently being given to the role of the enterprise community as well as the public sector in defining and implementing programmes in investment, production and trade. Instrumental in setting up: SADC Plant Genetic Resources Centre (SPGRC); Southern African Development Community Association of Museums and Monuments (SADCAMM); Southern African Development Research Association (SADRA).


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English, Portuguese.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 17 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 16 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 10 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Intergovernmental Communities
  • Development
    • Development
  • Integration
    • Integration

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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