Inter-Governmental Authority on Drought and Development (IGADD)

Autorité intergouvernementale sur la sécheresse et le développement

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Jan 1986, Djibouti (Djibouti), by an agreement signed at the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, a draft agreement having been prepared and discussed by the Ministers of the six countries involved in Feb 1985. Replaced, Mar 21 1996, by Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).


Coordinate and supplement the efforts of Member states to combat the effects of drought and other related disasters, assist their developmental efforts and help them to deal with problems of medium and long-term recovery and rehabilitation; appraise the international community of the very severe problems caused by drought and other related disasters; appeal for and mobilize all resources necessary to implement emergency, medium and long-term programmes, set up by the Member states and for financing operations within the framework of subregional cooperation; identify projects of regional interest submitted by Member states and assist in securing resources for project preparation and implementation; assist Member states in setting up guidelines and action programmes for combating drought and desertification and following up the implementation of drought-related activities of subregional interest; assist Member states and existing bodies in the subregion in securing funds for their individual programmes.

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IGADD helps its Member states to further their development despite the effects of drought and other adverse environmental conditions that hold back progress. It works at 3 different levels, as defined in the Plan of Action adopted by the Heads of State and Government in Jan 1986: (1) 'Emergency measures' provide immediate relief to the victims of drought and other natural disasters. IGADD helps affected countries assess the magnitude of the problems; appeals for assistance; and coordinates relief measures at the subregional level, including mobilization and distribution of food aid, animal feed and emergency water supplies; provision of health care, and the rehabilitation of agricultural production. (2) 'Short and medium-term efforts' directed toward the recovery from droughts and its effects, and toward establishing a new base for development in IGADD countries, especially action to improve food security; increase crop production; rehabilitate range lands; develop fisheries, water resources and energy systems; control desertification; and develop infrastructures and training. 'Long-term programmes' for regional development aim at re-establishing a productive and sustainable ecological balance in the subregion. Through the integrated development of agriculture and rural economies, the aim is to achieve sustained increases in food and agricultural production; the optimal use of soil, water and other natural resources; and the development of physical infrastructure and human resources. 'IGADD's major fields of activity' - Within its 3 levels of action, IGADD concentrates on: Emergency action; Food security; Water resources; Desertification control; Communications and transport; Crops; Livestock; Fisheries; Energy resources; Manpower development, training and research.


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English, French.


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Members in 7 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Climatology
    • Arid Zones
  • Societal Problems
    • Emergencies
  • Health Care
    • Rehabilitation
  • Government
    • Intergovernmental
    • Authorities
  • Development
    • Development

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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