Climatology or climate science is the scientific study of Earth's climate, typically defined as weather conditions averaged over a period of at least 30 years. Climate concerns the atmospheric condition during an extended to indefinite period of time; weather is the condition of the atmosphere during a relative brief period of time. The main topics of research are the study of climate variability, mechanisms of climate changes and modern climate change. This topic of study is regarded as part of the atmospheric sciences and a subdivision of physical geography, which is one of the Earth sciences. Climatology includes some aspects of oceanography and biogeochemistry.

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Second Level Subjects

Arid Zones
Tropical Zones
Arctic Zones

Organizations relating to Climatology

International Council of Psychologists / Boulder CO, USA / Est. 1941
Desert Locust Control Organization for Eastern Africa / Addis Ababa, Ethiopia / Est. 1962
Red Iberoamericana de Oficinas de Cambio Climático / Est. 2004
European Tropical Tuna Trade and Industry Committee / Paris, France / Est. 2004
West African Science Service Center on Climate Change and Adapted Land Use / Accra, Ghana
Southern African Science Service Centre for Climate Change and Adaptive Land Management
Agence Panafricaine de la Grande Muraille Verte / Nouakchott, Mauritania / Est. 2010
Global Dryland Alliance / Doha, Qatar / Est. 2017
IIED América-Latina / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1988
African Centre of Meteorological Applications for Development / Niamey, Niger / Est. 1987
International Commission on Middle Atmosphere Science / Kyoto, Japan
Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in South-West Asia / Rome, Italy / Est. 1964
International Commission on Polar Meteorology / Cambridge, UK
European Drought Centre / Wageningen, Netherlands / Est. 2004
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture / Ibadan, Nigeria / Est. 1967
Institut de la francophonie pour la médecine tropicale / Vientiane, Laos
Comité Regional de Recursos Hidraulicos del Istmo Centroamericano / San José, Costa Rica / Est. 1966
FAO-ICARDA International Technical Cooperation Network on Cactus / Santiago, Chile / Est. 1993
International Antarctic Institute / Sapporo, Japan / Est. 2006
Secretariat of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification / Bonn, Germany / Est. 1999
Intergovernmental Group on Bananas and on Tropical Fruits
FAO Commission for Controlling the Desert Locust in the Western Region / Rome, Italy / Est. 1971
Arab Centre for the Studies of Arid Zones and Dry Lands / Damascus, Syrian AR / Est. 1968
Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program / Akureyri, Iceland
Arctic Regional Hydrographic Commission / Ottawa ON, Canada / Est. 2010
African Climate Policy Centre / Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Climate and Clean Air Coalition / Paris, France / Est. 2012
Global Alliances for Water and Climate / Est. 2016
Small Island Developing States - Island Energy for Island Life
International Centre on Space Technologies for Natural and Cultural Heritage / Beijing, China / Est. 2007
Joint Programming Initiative on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change / Paris, France
UN Climate Resilience Initiative / Est. 2015
Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel / Tunis, Tunisia / Est. 1992
Asia-Pacific Partnership for Clean Development and Climate / Est. 2005
Global Terrestrial Observing System / Est. 1996
International Foundation of the High Altitude Research Stations Jungfraujoch and Gornergrat / Bern, Switzerland / Est. 1930
Arctic Vocational Foundation / Övertorneå, Sweden / Est. 1991
Special Emergency Assistance Fund for Drought and Famine in Africa / Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire / Est. 1984
Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2009
Fondation Déserts du Monde / Algiers, Algeria / Est. 2002
Earth Child Institute
European Energy Efficiency Fund / Est. 2011
JPI Climate / Brussels, Belgium
International Network for Climate and Health for Africa / Brazzaville, Congo Brazzaville
Climate Knowledge Brokers / Vienna, Austria / Est. 2011
Climate Technology Centre and Network / Copenhagen, Denmark
One UN Climate Change Learning Partnership / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 2009
European Network for Community-Led Initiatives on Climate Change and Sustainability / Brussels, Belgium
KR Foundation / Copenhagen, Denmark / Est. 2014
Drynet / Mowbray, South Africa / Est. 2007

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