1991, by the E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC), with the title EC Programme of Technical Assistance to the Commonwealth of Independent States and Georgia (TACIS) and subsequently Tacis - EC Programme of Technical Assistance to the New Independent States. Also covers Mongolia. An initiative of the H-XD0665 - European Community. Programme extended, Jul 1993, for the period 1993-1995 and, Jun 1996, for the period 1996-1999. New Tacis Regulation came into force on 1 Jan 2000. Managed successively through H-XD0550 - European Association for Cooperation (EAC), U-XJ7490 - Joint Service for the Management of Community Aid to Non-Member Countries (SCR) and, from 1 Jan 2001, H-XE3670 - EuropeAid Cooperation Office (AIDCO). Replaced by European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) for a 7-year period (2007-2013).
As an initiative of the European Community for the New Independent States (former republics of the Soviet Union, minus the Baltic States) and Mongolia, foster development of harmonious and prosperous economic and political links between the European Community and these partners by providing grant finance for know-how to support partner countries' initiatives to develop societies based on political freedom and economic prosperity through a process of transformation to market economy and democratic society.
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