Phare Programme

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1989, as Poland and Hungary Action for Restructuring of the Economy -- Plan d'action pour une aide coordonnée à la Pologne et à la Hongrie (PHARE), within the framework of E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC), which also coordinates the H-XF1513 - Assistance for Economic Restructuring in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe of H-XF1492 - Group of Twenty Four (G-24). Widened, 17 Sep 1990, on amendment of Financial Regulation of H-XD0665 - European Community, to extend economic aid to other countries of Central and Eastern Europe (German Democratic Republic, originally included in some early programmes, ceased to exist since the reunification of Germany and assistance transferred to DG-XV of the European Commission). Yugoslavia was removed and the Baltic States and Albania added in Dec 1991, and Slovenia added in Aug 1992. Following the offer to Central and Eastern European countries by the European Council, Jun 1993, of membership in the European Union when certain economic and political conditions are met, the Programme has become fundamental in the process of integration and creation of a larger family of nations within an enlarged European Union. Also referred to as EC Phare Programme. U-XF6498 - Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilization (CARDS) combines the existing programme non-accession candidates and the previous U-XJ7411 - OBNOVA Programme. Phased out after accession of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007.


Support development of a larger democratic family of nations within a prosperous and stable Europe; provide financial and technical assistance in key areas to beneficiary Central and Eastern European governments in order to restructure their economies towards market-oriented systems and enable them to rejoin the mainstream of European development through future membership of the European Union; assist applicant countries in preparing to join the EU and acquiring capacity to implement the acquis communautaire; contribute to creation of an administrative, regulatory, financial and commercial environment; provide start-up capital to stimulate private sector growth; invest in areas of social and environmental concern.


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National Coordinators (meet annually). Coordination offices and programme implementation units in ministries in Phare countries, consisting of EC Member State and indigenous experts. Operational Brussels-based PHOS team in DG-IA of the European Commission.


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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities



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