Phare Programme

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History

1989, as Poland and Hungary Action for Restructuring of the Economy -- Plan d'action pour une aide coordonnée à la Pologne et à la Hongrie (PHARE), within the framework of European Commission (EC), which also coordinates the Assistance for Economic Restructuring in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe of Group of Twenty Four (G-24). Widened, 17 Sep 1990, on amendment of Financial Regulation of European Community, to extend economic aid to other countries of Central and Eastern Europe (German Democratic Republic, originally included in some early programmes, ceased to exist since the reunification of Germany and assistance transferred to DG-XV of the European Commission). Yugoslavia was removed and the Baltic States and Albania added in Dec 1991, and Slovenia added in Aug 1992. Following the offer to Central and Eastern European countries by the European Council, June 1993, of membership in the European Union when certain economic and political conditions are met, the Programme has become fundamental in the process of integration and creation of a larger family of nations within an enlarged European Union. Also referred to as EC Phare Programme. Community Assistance for Reconstruction, Development and Stabilization (CARDS) combines the existing programme non-accession candidates and the previous OBNOVA Programme. Phased out after accession of Bulgaria and Romania in 2007.

Aims

Support development of a larger democratic family of nations within a prosperous and stable Europe; provide financial and technical assistance in key areas to beneficiary Central and Eastern European governments in order to restructure their economies towards market-oriented systems and enable them to rejoin the mainstream of European development through future membership of the European Union; assist applicant countries in preparing to join the EU and acquiring capacity to implement the acquis communautaire; contribute to creation of an administrative, regulatory, financial and commercial environment; provide start-up capital to stimulate private sector growth; invest in areas of social and environmental concern.

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Activities

Works in close cooperation with partner countries to decide how funds are to be spent, within a framework agreed by the European Union, although each country is responsible for running its own programmes. Activities include: finances preliminary studies; covers policy advice and legal, institutional and legislative framework; designs reform programmes; provides training and strategy advice (with occasional supply of equipment) in specific sectors with clear policy reform objectives. Over 70 Business Support Centres operate in the region and contribute to the emergence of a viable private sector. Role has been refocused following criteria set out by the European Council, 1993, Copenhagen (Denmark), and 'Agenda 2000', published 1997 by the European Commission. Candidate countries are required to demonstrate: stability of institutions guaranteeing democracy, the rule of law, human rights and respect for and protection of minorities; the existence of a functioning market economy and the capacity to cope with competitive pressures and market forces within the Union; ability to take on membership obligations, including adherence to the aims of political, economic and monetary union. Accession Partnership (AP) brings together all the forms of available support within a single framework so as to assist applicant countries in preparing for accession. Individual Accession Partnerships have been drawn up for each candidate country, outlining priority areas in its progress towards accession. Follow-up carried out by Cohesion Fund. Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Macedonia are no longer covered directly by Phare.

Guidelines for Phare, adopted in 1998 for candidate countries to the European Union, redirect support in: key areas identified in Accession Partnerships: institution building, so as to acquire the capacity to implement European Communities' legislation; mobilizing investment to bring industries and major infrastructure up to Community standards. Sectoral priorities for institution building cover: civil service management reform; participation in Community programmes; civil society measures; justice and home affairs. Investment support covers: investment in EU norms; regional development; large-scale infrastructure; support for small and medium-sized enterprises. Countries currently in negotiation are assisted in the process of economic and social reform, in attracting investment and in combating corruption through a 'Catch-up Facility'. The programme covers: technical assistance programmes; cross-border programmes and infrastructure development; investment support; investment in infrastructure.

Phare is responsible for and/or cooperates in the following programmes:

 • European Instrument for Democracy and for Human Rights (EIDHR) - provides funds to projects in line with the broad range of EU policy objectives in the field and on the basis of detailed provisions of the Human Rights Regulations;

 • Technical Assistance Information Exchange Office (TAIEX) - provides information on Community legislation 'acquis' and experts for targeted training skills transfer.

Structure

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Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 13 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 39 non-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Information Services

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Members

Members in 10 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Management
    • Planning
  • Economics
    • Economy
  • Development
    • Assistance
  • Idealism
    • Idealism

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities

UIA Org ID

K0152

Last News Received

2006
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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