Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Compton Foundation

1946 Redwood City CA USA G f

Confédération bouliste internationale

CBI 1983 Ankara Ankara Turkey D

Confédération des ONG d'environnement et de développement de l'Afrique centrale

CONGAC 1992 Douala Cameroon D

Confédération européenne des associations d'ingénieurs agronomes

CEDIA 1987 E

Confederation of European Environmental Engineering Societies

CEEES Montigny-le-Bretonneux France D

Confederation of European Forest Owners

CEPF 1961 Brussels Belgium E

Conférence des ministres chargés de l'environnement des pays ayant en commun l'usage du français

Neuilly-sur-Seine France S cg

Conference of Chambers of Commerce and Industry of the Island Regions of the European Union

S c

Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations

CONGO 1948 Geneva GE Switzerland E y

Conference on Lasers in the Conservation of Artworks

LACONA 1995 S c

Conference on Small Animal Precision Image-Guided Radiotherapy

S c

Congo Basin Forest Partnership

CBFP 2002 F gy

Congress of International Vertebrate Morphologists

Antwerp Belgium S c

Congress on Regional Geological Cartography and Information Systems

S c

Conseil européen de l'industrie chimique

CEFIC 1972 Brussels Belgium D y

Conservation Finance Alliance

CFA J

Conservation Force

Metairie LA USA F

Conservation International

CI 1987 Arlington VA USA G

Conservation Through Public Health

CTPH Entebbe Uganda J

Conservation, Food and Health Foundation

1985 Boston MA USA G f

Conservation, Research and Education Opportunities International

CREOi G

Conserve Africa Foundation

1998 London UK G f

Consortium for the Barcode of Life

CBOL 2004 Washington DC USA F y

Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion

1993 Lima Lima Peru F

Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities

CETAF 1996 Brussels Belgium F

Controlled Environment Building Association

CEBA 1978 Alexandria VA USA D

Convenio Centroamericano para la Protección del Medio Ambiente

1989 T g

Convention Concerning the Transit of Animals, Meat and other Products of Animal Origin

1935 T g

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region

Abidjan convention 1981 Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire T g

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific

NEP 2002 Nairobi Kenya T g

Convention for the Conservation and Management of the Vicuña

1979 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean

1992 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals

CCAS 1972 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean

1982 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

1993 T g

Convention for the Conservation of the Biodiversity and the Protection of Wilderness Areas in Central America

1992 T g

Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment

Jeddah convention 1982 Jeddah Saudi Arabia T g

Convention for the Establishment of Stations for Agricultural Experiments and Animal Industries

1923 T g

Convention for the Maintenance, Preservation and Reestablishment of Peace

1936 T g

Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa

1900 T g

Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region

Cartagena Convention 1983 Kingston Jamaica T g

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the Southeast Pacific

Lima Convention 1981 Guayaquil Ecuador T g

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean

Barcelona Convention 1976 Athens Greece T g

Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region

SPREP convention 1986 Apia Samoa T g

Convention for the Protection on the Marine Environment for the North-East Atlantic

OSPAR Convention 1992 London UK T g

Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region

Nairobi Convention 1985 Victoria Mahe Seychelles T g

Convention Internationale sur la Responsabilité et L'indemnisation pour les Dommages Liés au Transport par Mer de Substances Nocives et Potentiellement Dangereuses

Convention SNPD 1996 T g

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Århus Convention 1998 Geneva GE Switzerland T g

Convention on Biological Diversity

Biodiversity convention 1992 Montréal QC Canada T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused During Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail and Inland Navigation Vessels

CRTD 1989 T g

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