Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Goal 15 is about conserving life on land. It is to protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and stop biodiversity loss.

Earth’s ecosystems are vital for sustaining human life, they contribute to over half of global GDP and encompass diverse cultural, spiritual, and economic values.

However, the world is facing a triple crisis of climate change, pollution and biodiversity loss.

Between 2015 and 2019, at least 100 million hectares of healthy and productive land were degraded every year, impacting the lives of 1.3 billion people.

Agricultural expansion is the direct driver of almost 90 per cent of deforestation. This is in direct relation to our food systems, and oil palm harvesting accounted for 7 per cent of global deforestation from 2000 to 2018.

Global and regional efforts to sustain forest ecosystems as well as their social, economic and environmental functions are essential, in particular for developing countries and the tropics.

We need to shift humanity’s relationship with nature to achieve Goal 15, and realise that nature is the root of our life of earth. The recently adopted Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework provides renewed impetus for Goal 15, outlining four outcome- oriented goals to be achieved by 2050 and 23 targets to be achieved by 2030.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna

CAFF 1991 Akureyri Iceland E gy

Conservation Through Public Health

CTPH Entebbe Uganda J

Conservation, Food and Health Foundation

1985 Boston MA USA G f

Conservation, Research and Education Opportunities International

CREOi G

Consortium for International Maritime Heritage

CIMH Weston CT USA J

Consortium for the Barcode of Life

CBOL 2004 Washington DC USA F y

Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion

1993 Lima Peru F

Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities

CETAF 1996 Brussels Belgium F

Consortium of Non-Traditional Security Studies in Asia

NTS-Asia 2007 Singapore Singapore F y

Controlled Environment Building Association

CEBA 1978 Arlington VA USA D

Convenio Centroamericano para la Protección del Medio Ambiente

1989 T g

Convention Concerning the Transit of Animals, Meat and other Products of Animal Origin

1935 T g

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region

Abidjan convention 1981 Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire T g

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific

NEP 2002 Nairobi Kenya T g

Convention for the Conservation and Management of the Vicuña

1979 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean

1992 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals

CCAS 1972 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean

1982 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

1993 T g

Convention for the Conservation of the Biodiversity and the Protection of Wilderness Areas in Central America

1992 T g

Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment

Jeddah convention 1982 Jeddah Saudi Arabia T g

Convention for the Establishment of Stations for Agricultural Experiments and Animal Industries

1923 T g

Convention for the Maintenance, Preservation and Reestablishment of Peace

1936 T g

Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa

1900 T g

Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region

Cartagena Convention 1983 Kingston Jamaica T g

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the Southeast Pacific

Lima Convention 1981 Guayaquil Ecuador T g

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean

Barcelona Convention 1976 Athens Greece T g

Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region

SPREP convention 1986 Apia Samoa T g

Convention for the Protection on the Marine Environment for the North-East Atlantic

OSPAR Convention 1992 London UK T g

Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region

Nairobi Convention 1985 Victoria Seychelles T g

Convention Internationale sur la Responsabilité et L'indemnisation pour les Dommages Liés au Transport par Mer de Substances Nocives et Potentiellement Dangereuses

Convention SNPD 1996 T g

Convention of Independent Financial Advisors

CIFA 2001 Geneva Switzerland G f

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Århus Convention 1998 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention on Biological Diversity

Biodiversity convention 1992 Montréal QC Canada T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused During Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail and Inland Navigation Vessels

CRTD 1989 T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment

1993 Strasbourg France T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g

Convention on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific

1976 T g

Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface

1952 Montréal QC Canada T g

Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment

1990 T g

Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context

Espoo Convention 1991 T g

Convention on fisheries and the conservation of living marine resources in the Black Sea

1993 J gp

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Gdansk convention 1973 T g

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 T g

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CITES 1973 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation in the Western Hemisphere

1940 T g

Convention on Protection of the Environment through Criminal Law

1998 Strasbourg France T g

Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage

1997 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South-East Atlantic Ocean

2001 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean

2009 T g

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