Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land


Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Congress on Regional Geological Cartography and Information Systems

S c Conference Series

Conservation Force

Metairie LA USA F

Conservation International

CI 1987 Arlington VA USA G

Conservation Through Public Health

CTPH Entebbe Uganda J

Conservation, Food and Health Foundation

1985 Boston MA USA G f Foundations

Conservation, Research and Education Opportunities International

CREOi G

Conserve Africa Foundation

1998 London UK G f Foundations

Consortium for the Barcode of Life

CBOL 2004 Washington DC USA F y International Federations

Consortium for the Sustainable Development of the Andean Ecoregion

1993 Lima Peru F

Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities

CETAF 1996 Brussels Belgium F

Convenio Centroamericano para la Protección del Medio Ambiente

1989 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Transit of Animals, Meat and other Products of Animal Origin

1935 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the West and Central African Region

Abidjan convention 1981 Abidjan Côte d'Ivoire T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for Cooperation in the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Northeast Pacific

NEP 2002 Nairobi Kenya T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation and Management of the Vicuña

1979 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean

1992 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals

CCAS 1972 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean

1982 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

1993 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation of the Biodiversity and the Protection of Wilderness Areas in Central America

1992 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment

Jeddah convention 1982 Jeddah Saudi Arabia T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Establishment of Stations for Agricultural Experiments and Animal Industries

1923 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Maintenance, Preservation and Reestablishment of Peace

1936 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa

1900 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment of the Wider Caribbean Region

Cartagena Convention 1983 Kingston Jamaica T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and Coastal Area of the Southeast Pacific

Lima Convention 1981 Guayaquil Ecuador T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean

Barcelona Convention 1976 Athens Greece T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of the Natural Resources and Environment of the South Pacific Region

SPREP convention 1986 Apia Samoa T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection on the Marine Environment for the North-East Atlantic

OSPAR Convention 1992 London UK T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region

Nairobi Convention 1985 Mahé Seychelles T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Århus Convention 1998 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Biological Diversity

Biodiversity convention 1992 Montréal QC Canada T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, European Union Bodies, IGOs

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused During Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail and Inland Navigation Vessels

CRTD 1989 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment

1993 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific

1976 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Damage Caused by Foreign Aircraft to Third Parties on the Surface

1952 Montréal QC Canada T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment

1990 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context

Espoo Convention 1991 T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention on fisheries and the conservation of living marine resources in the Black Sea

1993 J gp Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Gdansk convention 1973 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CITES 1973 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation in the Western Hemisphere

1940 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Protection of the Environment through Criminal Law

1998 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage

1997 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South-East Atlantic Ocean

2001 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean

2009 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean

Pacific tuna convention 2000 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock in the Central Bering Sea

1994 T g Treaties, IGOs

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