Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Goal 15 is about conserving life on land. It is to protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and stop biodiversity loss.

Earth’s ecosystems are vital for sustaining human life, they contribute to over half of global GDP and encompass diverse cultural, spiritual, and economic values.

However, the world is facing a triple crisis of climate change, pollution and biodiversity loss.

Between 2015 and 2019, at least 100 million hectares of healthy and productive land were degraded every year, impacting the lives of 1.3 billion people.

Agricultural expansion is the direct driver of almost 90 per cent of deforestation. This is in direct relation to our food systems, and oil palm harvesting accounted for 7 per cent of global deforestation from 2000 to 2018.

Global and regional efforts to sustain forest ecosystems as well as their social, economic and environmental functions are essential, in particular for developing countries and the tropics.

We need to shift humanity’s relationship with nature to achieve Goal 15, and realise that nature is the root of our life of earth. The recently adopted Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework provides renewed impetus for Goal 15, outlining four outcome- oriented goals to be achieved by 2050 and 23 targets to be achieved by 2030.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II


2014 Mumbai India F

EarthCare Africa

ECAF Nairobi Kenya G


1993 Seattle WA USA G


1971 San Francisco CA USA G f

Earthlife Africa

ELA 1988 Dalbridge South Africa G v


2006 Gland Switzerland G

Earthrace Conservation

Whangarei New Zealand F

EarthRights International

ERI 1994 Washington DC USA C

Earthstewards Network

1980 Bainbridge Island WA USA G v


1976 Kailua HI USA G


1991 Washington DC USA G

Earthwatch Europe

1985 Oxford UK G

Earthwatch Institute

1971 Boston MA USA F j

Earthworm Foundation

1999 Nyon Switzerland F f

East and Southeast Asia Federation of Soil Science Societies

ESAFS 1990 Tokyo Japan D

East Asia Plant Variety Protection Forum

EAPVP Forum 2007 Tokyo Japan F g

East Asia Research Association for Agricultural Heritage Systems

ERAHS 2013 J

East Asian Biosphere Reserve Network

EABRN 1995 Beijing China F

East Asian Federation of Ecological Societies

EAFES Ishikawa Japan G

Eastern Africa Environmental Network

EAEN 1990 Nairobi Kenya F

Eastern Atlantic Hydrographic Commission

EAtHC 1984 Monte Carlo Monaco K g

Eastern Caribbean Alliance for Diversity and Equality

ECADE 2015 Castries St Lucia D

Eastern Caribbean Coalition for Environmental Awareness

ECCEA 1995 Fort de France Martinique F

Eastern Caribbean Institute of Agriculture and Forestry

ECIAF 1954 Arima Trinidad-Tobago E gjv

ECATS International Association

2005 Brussels Belgium E

Echoing Green

1987 New York NY USA G

ECNC - European Centre for Nature Conservation

1993 Tilburg Netherlands E y

Eco Foundation Global

EFG Beijing China G

ECO Platform

2013 Brussels Belgium F

Eco-Sys Action Foundation

Hong Kong Hong Kong F f


2005 Barcelona Spain G

EcoAgriculture Partners

2002 Oakton VA USA F

ECOBALTIC Foundation, Gdansk

1988 Gdansk Poland G f


2009 Lima Peru G

Ecocity Builders

1992 Oakland CA USA G

EcoHealth Alliance

1971 New York NY USA G fv

Ecohealth International

2006 Congella South Africa C

Ecole française d'Extrême-Orient, Paris

EFEO 1900 Paris France N jv

Ecole régionale post-universitaire d'aménagement et de gestion intégrés des forêts et territoires tropicaux

ERAIFT Paris France G


Escondido CA USA G f

EcoLogic Development Fund

1993 Cambridge MA USA G f

Ecologic Institut

1995 Berlin Germany F j

Ecologica International Association

2007 Naples Italy D

Ecological and Toxicological Association of Dyes and Organic Pigments Manufacturers

ETAD 1974 Basel Switzerland D

Ecological Defense Group


Ecological Society for Eastern Africa

ESEA 2007 Nairobi Kenya D

Ecological Society of Germany, Austria and Switzerland

1970 Berlin Germany F v

Ecological Tourism in Europe

1991 Bonn Germany G

Ecologists Linked for Organizing Grassroots Initiatives and Action

ECOLOGIA 1989 Middlebury VT USA G

Ecologists Without Borders