Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA)

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1983, by resolution 1/85 of the 85th Session of the Council of Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), following recommendations of Conference 1983 (Resolution 9/83). Original title: FAO Commission on Plant Genetic Resources. Mandate broadened and current title adopted, Oct 1995, Rome (Italy), at 28th FAO conference. Previously also referred to as FAO Commission on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CPGRFA). Originally set up as a basic institutional component of Global System for the Conservation and Sustainable Utilization of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Sustainable Agriculture. Adopted its own Rules of Procedures, 2009.


Revised mandate, 1995: cover all aspects of genetic resources relevant to food and agriculture so as to deal in an integrated manner with agro-biodiversity issues, including follow-up of Agenda 21, and reach international consensus in areas of global interest; keep under continuous review all matters relating to policy, programmes and activities of FAO in the area of such resources, including their conservation and sustainable use and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits derived from their use; recommend measures to ensure development of comprehensive global system(s) on such resources; monitor operation of such system(s) in harmony with the Convention on biological diversity; provide an intergovernmental forum to negotiate and oversee other relevant international instruments; facilitate and oversee cooperation between the FAO and other international intergovernmental or nongovernmental bodies dealing with conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources; respond to requests from the 'Conference of Parties to the Convention on biological diversity' and provide information and other services, especially in the areas of early warning systems, global assessment and clearing house facilities.

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Sessions in Rome (Italy) at meetings of Committee on Agriculture (COAG) include both donors and users of germplasm, funds and technology, with attendance of relevant technical assistance agencies, intergovernmental organizations, development banks, non-governmental organizations and private foundations. International agreements being negotiated through the Commission: International Code of Conduct for Plant Germplasm Collecting and Transfer; Code of Conduct for Biotechnology; basic agreements on genebanks. Global mechanisms being developed: network of 'ex situ' base collections (with technical assistance of IBPGR); network of areas established or demarcated for 'in situ' conservation of genetic resources. Other activities: preparation of a code of conduct for international collectors; active monitoring of new biotechnologies; adoption of an agreed interpretation of the International Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources; draft resolution on farmers' rights; structural and legal gaps of animal genetic resource activities; support for adoption of Convention on Biological Diversity (Biodiversity convention).


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 7 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 178 countries
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Subjects *

  • Biosciences
    • Genetics
  • Amenities
    • Food
  • Government
    • Intergovernmental
  • Agriculture, Fisheries
    • Agriculture
    • FAO Bodies
  • Development
    • Sustainable Development
  • Conservation
    • Conservation
  • Harmony
    • Diversity

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 1: No PovertyGOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 8: Decent Work and Economic GrowthGOAL 9: Industry, Innovation and InfrastructureGOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 12: Responsible Consumption and ProductionGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on LandGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

1. Sep 2010
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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