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Biosciences → Genetics


Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in organisms. It is an important branch in biology because heredity is vital to organisms' evolution. Gregor Mendel, a Moravian Augustinian friar working in the 19th century in Brno, was the first to study genetics scientifically. Mendel studied "trait inheritance", patterns in the way traits are handed down from parents to offspring over time. He observed that organisms inherit traits by way of discrete "units of inheritance". This term, still used today, is a somewhat ambiguous definition of what is referred to as a gene.

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Organizations relating to Genetics

Functional Genomics Data Society / Est. 1999
Down Syndrome International Swimming Organisation
International Society for Nomenclature of Paediatric and Congenital Heart Disease / Est. 2000
International Society for Genetic Eye Diseases and Retinoblastoma / Lausanne, Switzerland / Est. 1975
Latin American Association of Environmental Mutagens, Carcinogens and Teratogens / Montevideo, Uruguay / Est. 1980
East Asian Union of Human Genetics Societies / Seoul, Korea Rep
European Federation of Associations of Patients with Haemochromatosis / Croissy-sur-Seine, France / Est. 2005
Asia Pacific Society of Human Genetics / Kowloon, Hong Kong / Est. 2006
International Structural Genomics Organization / Est. 2001
International Genetic Epidemiology Society / Rochester MN, USA
European Society of Gene and Cell Therapy / Eynsham, UK / Est. 1992
Asia Oceania Human Proteome Organization / Taipa, Macau
Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis International Society / Northbrook IL, USA / Est. 2002
European Federation of Hereditary Ataxias / London, UK / Est. 1989
Sociedad Latinoamericana de Errores Innatos del Metabolismo y Pesquisa Neonatal / Est. 1996
International Chromosome and Genome Society / Canterbury, UK / Est. 2002
European Cereals Genetics Co-operative / Prague, Czechia
South East European Development Network on Plant Genetic Resources / Est. 2004
Sociedad Latinoamericana de Genetica Forense / Miami FL, USA
International Association of Medical Genetics / Rovereto, Italy / Est. 2006
European Federation of National HSP Associations / Paris, France / Est. 2010
Sports Union for athletes with Down Syndrome
European Congenital Heart Surgeons Association / Est. 1992
International Arabidopsis Informatics Consortium
Latin American Society for Maternal Fetal Interaction and Placenta / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 2000
European VHL (von Hippel-Lindau) Federation / Est. 2014
22q11 Europe / Stourbridge, UK / Est. 2016
Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture / Rome, Italy / Est. 1983
European Regional Focal Point for Animal Genetic Resources / Paris, France / Est. 2001
European DNA Profiling Group / Copenhagen, Denmark / Est. 1988
International Pompe Association / Baarn, Netherlands / Est. 1999
Central and Eastern European Genetic Network / Gdansk, Poland / Est. 2003
European Forest Genetic Resources Programme / Barcelona, Spain / Est. 1994
European Nutrigenomics Organisation / Wageningen, Netherlands / Est. 2004
Estudio Colaborativo Latino Americano de Malformaciones Congénitas / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1967
European Chromosome 11 Network / Bockenem, Germany / Est. 1997
Functional Metagenomics International / Waterloo ON, Canada / Est. 2011
International Triticeae Mapping Initiative / Est. 1989
Red por una América Latina Libre de Transgénicos / Quito, Ecuador / Est. 1999
European Research Network for Evaluation and Improvement of Screening, Diagnosis and Treatment of Inherited Disorders of Metabolism / Manchester, UK / Est. 1994
Inter-Islamic Network on Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology / Cairo, Egypt / Est. 1987
International Oleander Society / Galveston TX, USA / Est. 1967
Ban Terminator Campaign / Ottawa ON, Canada
ProMusa / Est. 1994
Coconut Genetic Resources Network / Bogor, Indonesia / Est. 1992
Melanoma Genetics Consortium / Leeds, UK / Est. 1997
European Rare Chromosomes Network on the Internet / Est. 2004
International Cotton Genome Initiative / College Station TX, USA
Global Genome Biodiversity Network / Washington DC, USA
MusaNet / Montpellier, France

View all profiles (393 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Genetics

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Human eugenics
Genetic weapons
Corporate control of genetic material
Foetal alcohol syndrome
Unsafe genetically modified food
Loss of agricultural biodiversity
Declining breeds of cultivated plants
Genetic discrimination
Monopolization of agricultural genetic resources
Consanguineous marriage
Children of alcoholics
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
Genetic sexual attraction
Congenital immune deficiencies
Hereditary neuromuscular disease
Congenital abnormalities
Underutilized animal genetic resources
Genetic defects and diseases
Irresponsible release of genetically engineered micro-organisms
Male sterility
Diseases of metabolism
Environmental plant diseases
Hybridization of wild animal species
Myopathy associated with congenital articular rigidity
Simple goitre

Action Strategies relating to Genetics

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Mapping genes
Supporting people with genetic defects
Requiring safety of genetically modified food
Studying genetic defects and diseases
Maintaining agricultural genetics database
Preserving genetic diversity
Banning genetically modified foods
Labelling genetically modified organisms
Maintaining contact among geneticists
Involving local communities in the conservation of plant genetic resources
Protecting against hazards in genetic engineering
Using genetic screening
Using gene therapy
Creating genetically modified organisms
Preserving genetic diversity in cultivated plants
Developing environmental risk assessment for genetically modified crops
Developing transgenic crops
Preserving gene resources
Maintaining database on plant genetic resources
Exploring hybrid seed varieties
Developing intellectual property rights systems in biodiversity conservation
Conserving plant genetic resources
Providing access to genetic resources
Controlling release of genetically modified organisms
Advancing genetics

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