Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities


The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

United Nations Conference on Environment and Development

UNCED S gc United Nations Bodies, Conference Series, UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

S gc United Nations Bodies, Conference Series, IGOs

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child

CRC 1989 T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration

Mauritius Convention on Transparency 2014 T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme Network

1991 Vienna Austria K g United Nations Bodies, IGOs

United Nations Development Programme

UNDP 1965 New York NY USA E g United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

ESCAP 1947 Bangkok Thailand E g United Nations Bodies, IGOs

United Nations Economic and Social Council

ECOSOC 1945 New York NY USA E g United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Foundation

UNF 1998 Washington DC USA G f United Nations Bodies, Foundations

United Nations Fund for International Partnerships

UNFIP 1998 New York NY USA F gf United Nations Bodies, Funds, IGOs

United Nations Global Compact

2000 New York NY USA F y United Nations Bodies, International Federations, Human Rights Organizations

United Nations Human Rights Council

2006 Geneva Switzerland E g United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNIFIL 1978 Geneva Lebanon F g United Nations Bodies, Humanitarian Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute

UNICRI 1968 Turin Italy E gj United Nations Bodies, Institutes, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service

NGLS 1975 Geneva Switzerland E g Humanitarian Organizations, United Nations Bodies, IGOs

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OCHA 1992 New York NY USA E g United Nations Bodies, Humanitarian Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

UNPFII 2000 New York NY USA E g United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Population Fund

UNFPA 1967 New York NY USA F gf United Nations Bodies, Funds, IGOs

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UNRISD 1963 Geneva Switzerland E gjv United Nations Bodies, Institutes, IGOs

United Nations Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples

Special Committee of Twenty Four 1961 New York NY USA E g United Nations Bodies, IGOs

United Nations Special Committee to Investigate Israeli Practices Affecting the Human Rights of the Palestinian People and Other Arabs of the Occupied Territories

1968 Geneva Switzerland K g United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Nations Volunteers

UNV 1971 Bonn Germany F g United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

United Purpose

UP 1976 Cardiff UK G Humanitarian Organizations

United Regions Organisation/FOGAR

2007 Barcelona Spain C

Universal Church of the Kingdom of God

UCKG 1977 London UK F

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UDHR 1948 New York NY USA T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights

2005 Paris France T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights

1997 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Universal Human Rights Network

1977 Washington DC USA G Human Rights Organizations

Universal Movement for Scientific Responsibility

UMSR 1974 Paris France F

Universal Outreach Foundation

UOF Vancouver BC Canada G f Foundations

Universal Rights Group

URG 2013 Geneva Switzerland F

Universal Zulu Nation

UZN 1973 Bronx NY USA D

Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

UNPO 1991 Brussels Belgium F

Unspoken Smiles Foundation

2014 New York NY USA G f Foundations

UNU Institute for Governance, State and Society

Barcelona Spain G jg Institutes, IGOs

UNWTO Sustainable Tourism for Eliminating Poverty Foundation

UNWTO ST-EP Foundation 2004 Seoul Korea Rep F gf Foundations, IGOs

Up With People

UWP 1965 Denver CO USA F

Up With People International Alumni Association

UWPIAA 1987 Denver CO USA E Alumni and Veterans

UPR Info

2008 Geneva Switzerland E United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations

Urgent Action Fund for Women's Human Rights

UAF 1997 Oakland CA USA G f Funds, Human Rights Organizations

US Overseas Cooperative Development Council

OCDC 1961 Washington DC USA G

Us TOO International Prostate Cancer Education and Support Network

1990 Des Plaines IL USA N

US-Central American Free Trade Agreement

CAFTA 2004 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, Common Markets and Free Trade Zones, IGOs

USA for Africa

1985 Los Angeles CA USA G

USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education

1994 Los Angeles CA USA G jf Institutes, Foundations

UWC Red Cross Nordic

RCNUWC 1995 Flekke Norway G Humanitarian Organizations

Validity Foundation

Budapest Hungary E

Value Health Africa

VAHA Bamenda Cameroon G

Variety Clubs International

VCI 1927 Los Angeles CA USA N Clubs

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