Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Tearfund, Ireland

Dublin Ireland G Funds

Tearfund, UK

1968 Teddington UK G f Funds, Funds


1969 Washington DC USA F v


1997 Santiago Chile F

Temporary Agreement for the Regulation of the Fisheries in Waters Contiguous to the Northern Coasts of the Territory of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

1930 T g Treaties, IGOs

Teresian Association

1911 Rome Italy R Religious Orders

Terra Renaissance

Kyoto Japan G


1981 Berlin Germany F Human Rights Organizations

Terre des hommes Foundation

Tdh Foundation 1960 Lausanne Switzerland F f Foundations

Terre des Hommes International Federation

TDHIF 1966 Geneva Switzerland F Human Rights Organizations

Tertiaires Carmélites du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus

1924 Madrid Spain R Religious Orders

The BulLion Foundation

2013 Fort Lee NJ USA G

The Carter Center

1982 Atlanta GA USA G Human Rights Organizations

The Forgotten International

TFI 2007 San Francisco CA USA G

The Hague Institute for Global Justice

The Hague Institute 2011 The Hague Netherlands G Institutes

The International Movement Against All Forms of Discrimination and Racism

IMADR 1988 Tokyo Japan F Human Rights Organizations

The Practice Institute

Harrisonburg VA USA G j Institutes

The Reality Of Aid

ROA Quezon City Philippines F y Humanitarian Organizations, International Federations

The Right to Research Coalition

2009 Washington DC USA G y International Federations, Human Rights Organizations

The Voice of the Martyrs

VOM 1969 Bartlesville OK USA F

The World Justice Project

WJP 2006 Washington DC USA F

Therapy Dogs International

TDI 1976 Flanders NJ USA N

Third Protocol to the General Agreement on Privileges and Immunities of the Council of Europe

1959 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Third Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration to Guarantee Free Trade in Paper and Glass Containers

1966 T g Treaties, IGOs

Third Way

1990 London UK N Human Rights Organizations

Third World Center for Water Management

1999 Mexico City Mexico G

Third World Medical Collaboration Solidarity

1976 Yvoir Belgium G

Third World Solidarity Action

1969 Luxembourg Luxembourg G

Tibet Justice Center

1989 Oakland CA USA E v Human Rights Organizations

Tibetan Aid Project

TAP 1969 Berkeley CA USA N Humanitarian Organizations

Timor Aid

1998 Dili Timor-Leste G Humanitarian Organizations

Toda Institute for Global Peace and Policy Research

1996 Newport Coast CA USA G j Institutes, Human Rights Organizations

Tomorrow People Organization

2002 Belgrade Serbia G

Tony Elumelu Foundation

TEF 2010 Lagos Nigeria J f Foundations

Tools for Self Reliance

1978 Southampton UK G

Topeka Center for Peace and Justice

1985 Topeka KS USA G

Toyota Foundation

1974 Tokyo Japan G f Foundations

Trade Union Solidarity Centre of Finland

1986 Helsinki Finland G

TradeMark East Africa

TMEA Nairobi Kenya D

Training Centre for Regional Integration

1993 Montevideo Uruguay E g European Union Bodies, IGOs

Trans Africa Forum

1977 Washington DC USA G Human Rights Organizations

Trans-Atlantic free trade agreement

TAFTA 1994 J gp Treaties, Common Markets and Free Trade Zones, IGOs


1998 London UK G

Transatlantic Partners Against AIDS

TPAA 2003 New York NY USA G

Treaty for Collaboration in Economic, Social and Cultural Matters and for Collective Self-defence

Brussels Treaty 1948 T g Treaties, IGOs

Treaty for the Relinquishment of Extra-territorial Rights in China

1943 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia

TAC 1976 T g Treaties, IGOs

Treaty of Joint Defence and Economic Cooperation between the Arab League States

1950 T g Treaties, IGOs

Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany

Treaty of Versailles 1919 T g Treaties, IGOs

Treaty of Peace between the Allied Powers and Turkey

Treaty of Lausanne 1923 T g Treaties, IGOs