Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OCHA 1992 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODC 1997 Vienna Austria E g

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

UNPFII 2000 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Population Fund

UNFPA 1967 New York NY USA F fg

United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe

UNRIC 2004 Brussels Belgium E g

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UNRISD 1963 Geneva Switzerland E gjv

United Nations Sustainable Development Group

UNSDG 1997 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Volunteers

UNV 1971 Bonn Germany F g

United Purpose

UP 1976 Cardiff UK G

United Regions Organisation/FOGAR

2007 Barcelona Spain C


2008 J v

Unity of Nations Action for Climate Change Council

UNAccc 2021 Vadodara India G

Universal Association of Professional Colleges and Universities

UAPCU 2018 Manila Philippines G t

Universal Church of the Kingdom of God

UCKG 1977 London UK F

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UDHR 1948 New York NY USA T g

Universal Movement for Scientific Responsibility

UMSR 1974 Paris France F

Universal Outreach Foundation

UOF Vancouver BC Canada G f

Universal Peace and Violence Amelioration Centre

UPVAC 2015 Jos Nigeria G

Universal Rights Group

URG 2013 Geneva Switzerland F

Universal Zulu Nation

UZN 1973 Bronx NY USA D

Universidad CLAEH

1957 Montevideo Uruguay E v

University of the Arctic

UArctic 2001 Rovaniemi Finland D

Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

UNPO 1991 Brussels Belgium F

Unspoken Smiles Foundation

2014 New York NY USA G f

UNU Institute for Governance, State and Society

Barcelona Spain G gj

UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research

UNU-WIDER 1984 Helsinki Finland E j

UNWTO Sustainable Tourism for Eliminating Poverty Foundation

UNWTO ST-EP Foundation 2004 Seoul Korea Rep F fg

Up With People International Alumni Association

UWPIAA 1987 Tucson AZ USA E

Urgent Action Fund for Women's Human Rights

UAF 1997 Oakland CA USA G f

US Overseas Cooperative Development Council

OCDC 1961 Washington DC USA G

Us TOO International Prostate Cancer Education and Support Network

1990 Des Plaines IL USA N

US-Central American Free Trade Agreement

CAFTA 2004 Washington DC USA T g

USA for Africa

1985 Los Angeles CA USA G

USC Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education

1994 Los Angeles CA USA G fj

UWC Red Cross Nordic

RCNUWC 1995 Flekke Norway G

Validity Foundation

Budapest Hungary E

Value Health Africa

VAHA Bamenda Cameroon G

Variety Clubs International

VCI 1927 Los Angeles CA USA N


1993 Liebefeld Switzerland G

Verband Binationaler Familien und Partnerschaften

Frankfurt-Main Germany G

Verband Entwicklungspolitik und Humanitäre Hilfe e.V.

VENRO 1995 Berlin Germany G y


2005 Washington DC USA F

Victim Support Europe

VSE 1989 Brussels Belgium D

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of State Property, Archives and Debts

1983 T g

Vienna Convention on Succession of States in Respect of Treaties

1978 T g

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States and International Organizations or between International Organizations

1986 T g

Vienna Convention on the Representation of States in Their Relations with International Organizations of a Universal Character

1975 T g

Vienna NGO Committee on the Family

1985 Vienna Austria E y

Vier Pfoten International

Vienna Austria F

Virtual Educa

2000 Alcala de Henares Spain F