Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNCTAD 1964 Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

S cg

United Nations Convention on Jurisdictional Immunities of States and Their Property

2004 T g

United Nations Convention on Transparency in Treaty-based Investor-State Arbitration

Mauritius Convention on Transparency 2014 T g

United Nations Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Programme Network

1991 Vienna Austria F g

United Nations Development Programme

UNDP 1965 New York NY E g

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

ESCAP 1947 Bangkok Thailand E g

United Nations Economic and Social Council

ECOSOC 1945 New York NY E g

United Nations Foundation

UNF 1998 New York NY USA F f

United Nations Fund for International Partnerships

UNFIP 1998 New York NY USA F fg

United Nations Global Compact

2000 New York NY USA F y

United Nations Group of Experts on Geographical Names

UNGEGN 1959 New York NY E g

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

UNHCR 1951 Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Human Rights Council

HRC 2006 Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Institute for Training and Research

UNITAR 1963 Geneva Switzerland E gj

United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon

UNIFIL 1978 Tyre Lebanon F g

United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute

UNICRI 1968 Turin Italy E gj

United Nations Mine Action Service

UNMAS 1997 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Non-Governmental Liaison Service

NGLS 1975 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Office at Geneva

UNOG Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

UNDRR 1999 Geneva Switzerland E g

United Nations Office for Project Services

UNOPS 1973 Copenhagen Denmark E g

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OCHA 1992 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

UNODC 1997 Vienna Austria E g

United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

UNPFII 2000 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Population Fund

UNFPA 1967 New York NY USA F fg

United Nations Regional Information Centre for Western Europe

UNRIC 2004 Brussels Belgium E g

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UNRISD 1963 Geneva Switzerland E gjv

United Nations Sustainable Development Group

UNSDG 1997 New York NY USA E g

United Nations Volunteers

UNV 1971 Bonn Germany F g

United Purpose

UP 1976 Cardiff UK G

United Regions Organisation/FOGAR

2007 Barcelona Spain C


2008 J v

Universal Association of Professional Colleges and Universities

UAPCU 2018 Manila Philippines G t

Universal Church of the Kingdom of God

UCKG 1977 London UK F

Universal Declaration of Human Rights

UDHR 1948 New York NY USA T g

Universal Movement for Scientific Responsibility

UMSR 1974 Paris France F

Universal Outreach Foundation

UOF Vancouver BC Canada G f

Universal Rights Group

URG 2013 Geneva Switzerland F

Universal Zulu Nation

UZN 1973 Bronx NY USA D

Universidad CLAEH

1957 Montevideo Uruguay E v

University of the Arctic

UArctic 2001 Rovaniemi D

Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization

UNPO 1991 Brussels Belgium F

Unspoken Smiles Foundation

2014 New York NY USA G f

UNU Institute for Governance, State and Society

Barcelona Spain G gj

UNU World Institute for Development Economics Research

UNU-WIDER 1984 Helsinki Finland E j

UNWTO Sustainable Tourism for Eliminating Poverty Foundation

UNWTO ST-EP Foundation 2004 Seoul Korea Rep F fg

Up With People International Alumni Association

UWPIAA 1987 Tucson AZ USA E

Urgent Action Fund for Women's Human Rights

UAF 1997 Oakland CA USA G f

US Overseas Cooperative Development Council

OCDC 1961 Washington DC USA G